Friday, May 31, 2019
Education is actually important for human beingsity life. It becomes main necessity for human beings. Almost all aspects of life are influenced by education. A human is introduced to education started from born, and it keeps going on until the death. If a human has a good basic education, it will be easy for the next development. Human will be easily accept and adapt their self with new education which more advanced. They can accept values in social life, civilise, family, and environment. Moreover, of course they will be smart and be respectful human. Sometimes, education is regarded as a sign whether a human is in high class or not. It influences a pass around of areas in human life, for example in the world of bunk, in getting money, in communicating with others, and in adapting human in this more modern sequence and advanced technology.First, education influences the world of work. Human are demanded to have skill in its sector. Usually a company conduct interview before r ecruiting employee. In recruitment process, there are some questions that related to level of education background. Having good quality in education will help a human to get wanted job and of course with balance income. A human who has high level education will get good job easier than a human who has not good education. Moreover, to get a job is very difficult. It shows that education has important role in the world of work.Secondly, education helps human in getting money. Educated human are more useful and easier in getting money because they have something that can be sold. Just by use the skill, they can get money. Furthermore, they do not need to work powerfully because they work use their brain. It is different with an uneducated human. Uneducated human usually work by using ... ...ality of education because that is very helpful in increasing humans quality.Therefore, education is very important in the survival of a human because it affects many aspects of life. It can be go tten from formal institute and informal institute. However, many human prefer to choose formal education. Usually it is started from elementary school until university. It has big role in forming good personality, such as responsibility, honesty, and attitude. Responsibility is important thing that must be belonged to every human. Then, honesty comes from the heart. The price of it is very expensive and it cannot be changed by everything. Next is about attitude, it relates to humans behavior. Attitude cannot be kept hiding because it comes out spontaneously. Human do not need to be worried if they have good habit in behavior, because a good habit shows a good attitude.
Thursday, May 30, 2019
The life-span learning approach addresses the basic nature versus nurture debate by allowing for both. Just as our physicals selves be determined by both transmittables and lifestyle, so are our emotional selves. As a Licensed Professional Counselor, I plan to consider life-span development to specialize in counseling a specific type of somebody with hopes of becoming well-versed, and therefore more serve wellful, in the types of experiences that group faces.Personality can be better understood if it is examined developmentally (Santrock, 2006, p. 45). Considering cognitive, biological, and socioemotional development throughout life will provide context, guideposts, and reasonable expectations for counselors. Life-span development theories also provide a useful go in to start when offering emotional support as a counselor.Understanding an individuals previous stages of development and environment can give a counselor and individual a common place from which to start counseling. Most of the developmental theorists discussed in section one of SantrockSigmund Freud, Jean Piaget, Lev Vygotsky, Konrad Lorenz, and to an extent B. F. Skinner cerebrate mostly on early or childhood development. Early development, when considered in a life-span context of development, can give an LPC insight in an individuals personality. Regardless of specialization, a counselor can weigh early behaviors against his or her contemporary observations, giving them a fuller context.Actual development requires more than genetic loading an environment (Santrock, 2006, p. 98). two cognitive developmental theories support Santrocks assertion of environmental influence on early development. First, Piagets cognitive developmental surmise defines how a person behaves as how a person adapts to his or her environment. An individuals behavior is an adaptive process driven by a biological drive to obtain balance between schemes and the environment (Huitt and Hummel, 2003). This theory states t hat development is a byproduct linking and relating our experiences to each other, starting with general environmental knowledge, until a persons cognitive ability is composed of more abstract reasoning. The second cognitive theory emphasizes social and cultural environment. Vygotskys theory points to our relationships with others as the definitions of ourselves (Nicholl, 1998, par. 13). Two other theo... ...span development is a multi-faceted approach to counseling. Using these and other theories gives a licensed professional counselor a variety of tools for counseling. I expect these theories to help me determine a specialty in my future practice, relying on the overlap and complexity of working in terms of an entire human life.References?Boeree, C. George. (1997). Erik Erikson 1902 to 1994. Shippensburg, PA Shippensburg University. Retrieved 21 June 2005 from http//www.ship.edu/cgboeree/erikson.html.Huitt, W. (1997). Socioemotional development. Educational Psychology Interactive . Valdosta, GA Valdosta State University. Retrieved 22 June 2005, from http//chiron.valdosta.edu/whuitt/col/affsys/erikson.html.Huitt, W., & Hummel, J. (2003). Piagets theory of cognitive development. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA Valdosta State University. Retrieved 21 June 2005 from http//chiron.valdosta.edu/whuitt/col/cogsys/piaget.html.Nicholl, P .M. (Trish). 1998. Vygotsky. Palmerston North, NZ Massey University. Retrieved 21 June 2005 from http//www.massey.ac.nz/alock/virtual/trishvyg.htm.Santrock, John H. (2006) Life-Span Development. New York, NY McGraw-Hill.
Wednesday, May 29, 2019
Jems Journal Chapter SummaryDan LathamChapter 4 - I think at times my sister, Sc f totally out fecal matter be noi somewhat. I came homefrom a long day at school. I found Scout on the porch chaw a wad of gum. Iknew it was gum because she had it in her lecture for a long time and plus I couldsee it in her oral cavity. So on the nose like any expression brother would do, I told her notto eat things you find and she said that she didnt find it on the ground butrather in a tree diagram. I sick an expression on my face that clearly communicated toher that I didnt think she was funny. I also growled at her. She told my likean innocent little girl that it was sticking in a tree on the way home from school. Ireally didnt care near where she got it from I just trusted that disgustingpiece of trash out of her mouth immediately before she caught some germs. Itold Scout to tongue it out immediately. She was actually pretty obedient andspit the gum out. She told me that she had been chewing it all afternoon andthat if she wasnt dead and didnt feel sick. She was obviously mad at me forruining her chewing enjoyment but I didnt want her liquidateting sick because versedAtticus, Id be the one who would hold back to take care of her and that wouldnt goover to well with me since I know I could have stopped her from getting sick. Ithink I yelled at her and said that isnt she supposed to know that she isntallowed even near those trees. We all know about that weird guy hissing Radley andwe know that property is off limits. I told her that she would probably getkilled if she were caught. She said in self-abnegation that I touched the erect once.This was a clear extension service to Boo Radleys house but I ignored her comment andtold her that it was different. I also ordered her to go and use some mouthwash to get rid of the germs that she collected from that stick of gum she justspit out. She wasnt pleased that I just ordered her to wash her mouth out andtold me i n defense that washing her mouth out will dissolve the taste in hermouth but I still didnt care. I wanted her to wash her mouth out so I told herthat I would tell Calpurnia about how she found some gum in a tree near BooJems Journal Chapter Summary essays research papers Jems Journal Chapter SummaryDan LathamChapter 4 - I think at times my sister, Scout can be disgusting. I came homefrom a long day at school. I found Scout on the porch chewing a wad of gum. Iknew it was gum because she had it in her mouth for a long time and plus I couldsee it in her mouth. So just like any normal brother would do, I told her notto eat things you find and she said that she didnt find it on the ground butrather in a tree. I put an expression on my face that clearly communicated toher that I didnt think she was funny. I also growled at her. She told my likean innocent girl that it was sticking in a tree on the way home from school. Ireally didnt care about where she got it from I just wanted that d isgustingpiece of trash out of her mouth immediately before she caught some germs. Itold Scout to spit it out immediately. She was actually pretty obedient andspit the gum out. She told me that she had been chewing it all afternoon andthat if she wasnt dead and didnt feel sick. She was obviously mad at me forruining her chewing enjoyment but I didnt want her getting sick because knowingAtticus, Id be the one who would have to take care of her and that wouldnt goover to well with me since I know I could have stopped her from getting sick. Ithink I yelled at her and said that isnt she supposed to know that she isntallowed even near those trees. We all know about that weird guy Boo Radley andwe know that property is off limits. I told her that she would probably getkilled if she were caught. She said in defense that I touched the house once.This was a clear reference to Boo Radleys house but I ignored her comment andtold her that it was different. I also ordered her to go and use some mouthwash to get rid of the germs that she collected from that stick of gum she justspit out. She wasnt pleased that I just ordered her to wash her mouth out andtold me in defense that washing her mouth out will dissolve the taste in hermouth but I still didnt care. I wanted her to wash her mouth out so I told herthat I would tell Calpurnia about how she found some gum in a tree near Boo
Rebel Without a Clue in Updikes A & P Adults always stress that it is important to make a good first impression. That is what Sammy was trying to accomplish in John Updikes A & P. Although some mass believe that Sammy is a hero for standing up for his beliefs when he quit, there is conclusive evidence that he quit in an attempt to impress a girl he was obviously attracted to, Queenie. We know he is attracted to Queenie because he goes to great lengths to tell us what she looks like, what her mannerisms are, and the way that the other girls follow her. For example, he says, She was the Queen. She kind of conduct them, the other two peeking around and making their shoulders round (1026). This simple quote shows that Sammy immediately identified Queenie as the one in charge. Another quote that describes this abruptly is, moreover you got the idea that she had talked the other two into coming in here with her, and now she was showing them how to do it, walk slow and hold yourself straight ( 1026). course Sammy is attracted to Queenie and wants to be noticed by her. Sammy thinks to himself She must have felt in the corner of her eye me and over my shoulder Stokesie in the second slot watching, but she didnt trip. Not this queen (1027). Sammy is surprised to see something like this in his town. He says, and the women generally put on a shirt or scam or something before they get out of the car and into the street. And anyway these are usually women with six children and varicose veins mapping their legs and nobody, including them could care less (1027). Sammys descriptions in like manner indicated he had a lot of sexual interest in Queenie. He describes her as vividly as he can. He starts with saying, With the s... ...will be from there on. Sammy was fitted to bring attention to himself, but it did not work the way that he had hoped it would. The girls most likely didnt even acknowledge that he even quit. He tried very hard to get Queenie to see him and acc ept him, but that didnt work either. Since Sammys attempt to impress the girls did not work, he was leave standing in a deep shadow called life. I agree with Nathan Hatcher who wrote, Sammy quits his job not on a matter of ideals, but kind of as a means of showing off and trying to impress the girls, especially Queenie (37). Works Cited Hatcher, Nathan. Sammys Motive. Ode to Friendship & Other Essays Student Writing at Virginia Wesleyan College. Ed. Connie Bellamy. Norfolk, Virginia, 1996. 37. Updike, John. A&P. Harper Anthology of Fiction. Ed Sullivan Barnet. NY HarperCollims, 1989. 1026-1030.
Tuesday, May 28, 2019
From my limited studies of comparative government I have come to the conclusion that a coterie type of electoral process where winner takes all is a superior compared to proportional representation for several key reasons. Proportional representation is based on having an election based on census instead of consensus. In some other words, ask the masses which party they feel will do the best railway line on a ticket where there may be several political parties running which intern will select its own leader from a list based on an individuals faithfulness to the party.The pros of proportional representation includes increase voter turnout based on the premise that every vote counts for a particular party, so you may not get all of the representation as in the plurality, but you may get some representation, so it gives to a greater extent choices to the voter. Proportional representation would increase the amount of women in office because they make up 50 percent of the population , and this form of election would decrease the amount of ostracise campaigning, because the competition shift from all or nothing to all or something (http//www.britannica.com/bcom/eb/article/6/0,5716,63126+1+61565,00.html). An example of this would be if a politician gets 51% of the vote, this would garner 100% of the representation. There is no reason for a political party with less then 45% of the vote to make an effort as a party. Why spend the money? Plurality on the other hand is a vote of consensus rather then census in other words, the party with the most votes will be elected. Its easy to understand by voters, allows quick decisions and it is less costly to run. The only significant drawbacks include low voter turnout and the party that has the less amount of voters usually gets removed, so the winner takes all. The drawback to this is there may not be significant representation among the masses, but at least there is a constraint in the number of parties (http//www.ask.co m/main/metaanswer.asp?metaEngine=directhit&origin.html). Plurality is ideal for us Americans who are accustomed to a simple yuppie modus vivendi with the most complicated decision in our daily existence is what will eat for dinner.
From my limited studies of comparative government I have come to the conclusion that a plurality type of electoral process where winner takes all is a superior compared to proportional representation for several key reasons. Proportional representation is base on having an election based on census instead of consensus. In other words, ask the masses which party they feel will do the scoop job on a ticket where there may be several political parties running which intern will select its own leader from a list based on an individuals faithfulness to the party.The pros of proportional representation includes increase voter turnoutr turnout based on the premise that every vote counts for a particular party, so you may not get all of the representation as in the plurality, tho you may get some representation, so it gives more choices to the voter. Proportional representation would increase the make out of women in office because they make up 50 percent of the population, and this fo rm of election would decrease the amount of negative campaigning, because the competition shift from all or nothing to all or something (http//www.britannica.com/bcom/eb/article/6/0,5716,63126+1+61565,00.html). An example of this would be if a politico gets 51% of the vote, this would garner 100% of the representation. There is no reason for a political party with less then 45% of the vote to make an causal agency as a party. Why spend the money? Plurality on the other hand is a vote of consensus rather then census in other words, the party with the most votes will be elected. Its easy to understand by voters, al emits quick decisions and it is less costly to run. The only significant drawbacks include low voter turnout and the party that has the less amount of voters usually gets removed, so the winner takes all. The drawback to this is there may not be significant representation among the masses, but at least there is a constraint in the number of parties (http//www.ask.com/main/ metaanswer.asp?metaEngine=directhit&origin.html). Plurality is ideal for us Americans who are accustomed to a simple yuppie lifestyle with the most complicated decision in our daily existence is what will eat for dinner.
Monday, May 27, 2019
The concepts moderm and post-modern have become common currency in intellectual debates. Within such debates, the postmodernistist is perceived as an epoch, a perspective, or an entirely new paradigm of thought. such a conception of the aforementi unrivalledd term stems from its rootedness in the conception of the modern. Chia nones that what distinguishes the postmodern from the modem is a style of thinking which eschews the uncritical use of common terms such as organizations, single(a)s, environment, structure, and culture, etc (579).These terms refer to the globe of social entities and attributes within a modernist conception of social naturalism. The rationale behind this lies in the ontological conception of being which privileges thinking in terms of distinct phenomenal states, static attribute and sequential events. As opposed to such an ontological conception of reality, the postmodern stands as the champion of weak forms of ontology that emphasize a transient, ephemera l and emergent reality (Chia 579).If such is the case, it thereby follows that a postmodernist perspective of reality adheres to thought styles wherein reality is deemed to be continuously in shuffle and transformation and hence unrepresentable thereby impossible to situate within a static conception of reality. An adoption of a post-modernist perspective of reality thereby leads to a rethinking of the modern conceptions of social reality since adherence to postmodernist perspectives lead to the de-emphasis on forms and attributes.Such a conception of reality however tends to emphasize the importance of topical anesthetic methods, which collectively define social reality. In a sense, the shift from a modern to a postmodern conception of reality thereby leads to the re-definition of existing ontological conceptions of reality that determine the various forms of intellectual priorities as well as theoretical stipulations in the study and conception of being. Such a perception of rea lity that is highly characterized by the postmodern turn is evident in Michel Foucault perspectives as to the workings of social reality.Michel Foucaults use of Jeremy Benthams concept panopticon in his book tick and revenge presents a discussion of the aspect of direction while placing emphasis on a fundamental change and break resulting from the changes in the social and agency arrangements during the 1800s. The difference in methodology is evident if one considers that as opposed to the old methodology wherein the many see the a few(prenominal), modern methodology has enabled the shift wherein the few see the many.Foucault notes that such a shift shows the manner in which the instantaneous view of a great multitude is procured for a small number of soulfulnesss or even for a single individual (216). He further notes that the implications of such show the manner in which Our society is one not of spectacle, but of surveillanceWe are much less Greek than we believe. We are ne ither in the amphitheater, nor on the stage, but in the panoptical machine, invested by its effects of office which we establish to ourselves since we are a part of its mechanism.(Foucault 217) Such a perspective is based on the assumption that society stands as the locus for the interplay of various forms of power relations. Such forms of power relation determine the manner in which an individual situates himself/herself within his/her surroundings. Surveillance, in this sense, may be seen as a method which society inscribes upon an individual as he/she chooses to regulate his/her actions dependent upon the form of power relation in which he/she has direct access.It is important to note, that Foucaults notion of panopticonism similarly emphasizes the being of freedom within a predefined space. Understanding power is central to understanding Foucaults analysis of subjectivity. Foucault explicitly rejects the paradigm of power as repression, arguing that power is not only negativ e but also productive. He rejects the juridical model of power, wherein power is characterized as repressive, rule-based, uniform, and prohibitive. According to this model, the subject is constituted as one who obeys this negative unilateral power.Foucault characterizes power as verifying and productive. Power is everywhere, a multiplicity of force relations it is al slipway local and unstable. This ubiquity of power does not preclude resistance. On the contrary, resistance(s) can only exist in the strategic field of power relations. Power is action that runs through and between things power is setoff and foremost relational. Not only is power always a relationship, but power relationships exist everywhere. Freedom, in this sense, is to be understood as composed of positive and negative aspects.Although one exists within panoptical society, it is possible to engage in cases of positive freedom through the engagement of actions, which contradicts the dominant treatments. In the po pular womens liberationist movements, for example, such an act involves the redefinition of the feminine as opposed to the presumed patriarchal conception of the female. Such is the manner in which Foucaults philosophy emphasizes the fluidity of structures despite its conception within a panoptical realm.The way in which our current society is controlled and determined by the panoptical gaze can also be seen in the various ways in which media affects the viewpoint held by an individual. Capitalism, through media and advertising commodifies values such as individualisation. By linking the false notion of personal identity to a certain commodity, consumers think that they are unique, that they are different. A deeper analysis however reveals that the aforementioned claim to individuality is nothing but an illusion a apologue of the mind manufactured and institutionalized by capitalists.It is not only the case that it is manufactured and institutionalized it is also sold to the con sumers. This leads to the deception of the masses who believes that they possess individuality whereas they fail to see that this individuality is instilled and mass produced by the market. The paradox in this is evident if one considers that values such as individuality are acquired by individuals through the consumption of goods sold in the market. In this sense, failure to consume such goods leads to a certain form of exclusion within society.In shape to belong, one thereby adheres to the fads. The necessity to be an individual unique is thereby ensured by societys panoptical gaze. The manner in which the market orders and sells individuality or any other value within society was discussed by Susan Bordo in her essay Beauty (Re) discovers the Male Body. In the aforementioned text, Bordo describes a certain fictitious character of gaze which ensures the control of the body. As Foucault states, an inspecting gaze will ensure that each individual will exercise surveillance over h imself.The gaze, in the context of Bordos work is centered on the body. The manner in which such a manner of self-surveillance is ensured is through the acculturation of the individual himself. In Ways of Seeing, John Berger discusses the ways in which the process of acculturation or the socialization process itself enables the individual to develop a certain taste for the beautiful. Berger argues that society and culture prescribe and determine both the normative and substantive taste of an individual.Compared to Bordo, whose focus is on the body, Berger focuses on the manner in which works of art are dictated by the modes f production within a specific place. True enough it is also dubious if an individual is capable of perceiving an object without interest whatsoever. We choose what we exigency to perceive and even if we state that there are instances wherein we are captured by a beautiful object, it gains our attention only because it is something which is important to us. In a live filled with people for example, we notice a specific person because that person has value to us.The platter of fruits does not become pleasing to eye simply because it is arranged in a certain manner which allowed us to see their symmetry with each other and the brightness of their skins, we also find it beautiful because somehow subconsciously we know that it is an important object or if it is a painting of a platter of fruits, it presents us with an image of objects which give us sustenance. In this sense it also seems that judgments of taste are also partly ruled by reason just like the sublime. Reason tells us that there is a level of substance to these objects. Works of art present us with ways of seeing reality.These ways are affected, influenced, or shall we just say dictated by the type of discourse which is prevalent in a specific society or even in a specific era. It is the importance of an object which allows us to subconsciously or even consciously associate bea uty with these objects. The similarity of Foucault, Bordo, and Bergers work may thereby be attributed to the importance they give to culture in ascertain the self as well as the restrictions of this self. Within such a setting, individual freedom may be seen as being dependent an individuals capability to recognize the sources of both positive and negative power.In other words, it lies in the individuals capability to realize that within a society ruled by a panoptical gaze, it is still possible to ascertain ones autonomy by engaging in actions or constituting a self that goes against dominant the discourse.Works CitedBerger, John. Ways of Seeing. New York Viking Press, 1973. Bordo, Susan. Beauty (Re) discovers the Male Body. Chia, R. From Modern to Postmodern Organizational Analysis. Organizational Studies 16 (1995) 579-604. Foucault, M. Discipline and Punish The Birth of the Prison. New York Vintage, 1974.
Sunday, May 26, 2019
1. When Lewis and Clark were sent out to explore the new Louisiana Purchase what was the main objective of their trip. a) New Maps of the land b) To chance upon a water way that connected the east to the west c) Make treaties with the Indians d) Find a good place to settle 2. How did outgoing President Adams undertake federalist control of the regional courts? a) Made Marshall chief besidesice of the Supreme Court b) Judiciary hazard of 1801 c) Embargo Act d) Midnight judges 3. When the Embargo Act was put into place who did it affect more? a) America b) France c) Britain d) Spain 4. What did Macons Bill state? a) The End of the war of 1812 ) The supreme court alone had the finale word on the question of constitutionality c) If Britain or France repealed the commercial restrictions America would restore the embargo act against the non-repealing nation d) Sent 4,000 batch to war 5. Who were the war-hawks? a) They were the new igneous headed replacements put into congress b) An Indian tribe attacking America c) Secret British soldiers dressed as Indians d) A nick name for Federalist 6. Who were the two people that united all the Indians east of the Mississippi? a) Lewis and Clark b) Jefferson and Hamilton c) Tecumseh and the prophet d) Squanto and Sacajawea . What was NOT a outcome from the battle at New Orleans? a) 2000 British soldiers were killed in just a half Hour b) Jackson became a war hero c) The British made the mistake attacking first d) None of the above 8. What was the accord of Ghent supposed to accomplish? a) Free the slaves b) To get both sides to agree to stop fighting and restore conquered territory c) To build new roads d) To throw off the man Ghent a new name 9. What was NOT a effect of the war of 1812? a) It heightened nationalism b) Broke the nation apart c) Inspired a lot of writers and painters d) Created a large army and navy 10.What was the main cause of the panic of 1819 a) Unemployment b) Immigrants c) Bank failures and bankrup tcies d) Over speculation in frontier lands 11. The Missouri agree broke up the salve states and free states at which area did this happen? a) West of the Mississippi b) 36 30 c) Oklahoma state line d) vitamin E of the Mississippi 12. What was NOT part of the American organisation? a) Created a path breaking tariff for protection not revenue against the British b) Had strong banking system c) Created a network of roads and canals d) Got rid of the central government 13. McCulloch v. Maryland stated that a) The state can not tax
Saturday, May 25, 2019
Chapter SixDo Animals Get the livelys?Clint was the only one of the Animals still left(a) at the Marina Safeway. He was tall, with a wild mop of unyielding hair and thick, horn-rimmed glasses that were held unneurotic with medical tape, and he had a look of deep panic on his face. Hed been trying to keep the store together for nearly a week with only a couple of stock boys from the day crew, and a ostiary from a temp service (even Gustavo, the Mexican porter with five kids, had incurn false with the Animals), notwithstanding today a huge order had produce in on the truck and he knew he demand professionals. He dialed Tommys number for the fifth time that night. It was four in the morning, but Tommy was their leader and perhaps the best frozen-turkey bowler the world had ever known. He knew what it meant to be an Animal he would be awake.The machine beeped. Clint said, Dude, theyre all gone. I exact your help. Its just me, near temps, and the Lord to-night. Clint had be en recently reborn after five years in a drug-induced haze. He swore that the Lord would forever be on his night crew. The guys took off for Vegas. Call me. No, just bring your box cutter and come to work. Im buried.Once they had been nine strong, the Animals. Nine men, all under the age of twenty-five, left alone in a grocery store for eight hours with only Tommy to bring off them. Theyd been given their name by the day manager, who had come in one morning to find them drunk, hanging from the giant Safeway letters on the front of store, pelt one a nonher with marshmallows. Tommy had recruited them to fight the old vampire. Theyd found the vampire, sleeping inside a vault on his yacht, and they had also found his art collection. After sell it for ten cents on the dollar, each of them had netted a hundred thousand dollars. Tommy went home with Jody, Clint went home to pray for the vampires soul. Simon had been killed. The rest of the Animals headed for Vegas.Clint hung up the pho ne, so sat nap hard in the managers chair. It was too much responsibi illuminatedy. The weight of it would drive him oer the edge. Even now he could hear dogs barking in his head.Front door, the temp night porter called over the half wall of the office.Clint stood up to see the Emperor and his dogs at the double electric doors. He grabbed the keys, disarmed the alarm, and opened the door. The Boston terrier shot by him, heading for the beef-jerky disp arrange.Your Majesty, Clint said. Youre out of breath.The oversized man held his chest as he panted. insert the troops, young man. C. Thomas Flood has been knock overed to a bloodsucking fiend. Gather your weapons, we must charge again into the breach.Its just me and noobs, Clint said. Did you say that Tommys a vampire?Indeed. I saw him not two hours ago. As pale as death.Well, thats not good.Your talent for stating the obvious is unprecedented, young man.Come in. Clint stepped away from the door. We are waiver to need to pray on this.Well, theres a start, said the Emperor. so I need to call Tommy and tell him to never mind or so coming to work, Clint said.Splendid, said the Emperor, without a hint of sarcasm. I believe weve achieved a new level of doomed.Youve always been good to me, Jody said.Well, I try, Tommy said.He was going up the narrow stairway to their loft. She was slung over his shoulder, her forehead bounced off his belt with every step. She seemed so light. Tommy was still astonish at his newfound strength. Hed carried her ten b immures already and he wasnt even looking it. Well, he was a little tired of listening to her, but physically he wasnt fatigued at all.I can be such a puss sometimes.Thats not true, Tommy said. Yes, it was.Yes it is, yes it is. Yes I am. I am a total beef cattle sometimes.Tommy stopped at the top of the steps and dug in his pocket for his keys.Well, maybe a little, but So I am a bitch? Youre saying Im a bitch?Oh my God, is the sun never going to come up?Listen, youre lucky to have me, you wuss.Yes I am, Tommy said.You are?He swung her over to her feet, then caught her before she went over backwards into the wall. She had a big goofy smile on her face. Sometime during the evening, blood had dripped down the front of her blouse and there was some smeared on her lip. She looked a little corresponding shed been punched out. Tommy tried to rub away the blood with his thumb. The cloud of alcohol breath she let go on him do him wince.I love you, Tommy. She fell into his arms.Right back at you, Jody.Im sorry I gave you noogies. Im still learning to harness my powers, you know.Thats okay.And called you a wuss.No problem.She licked the side of his neck, nipped at him. Lets make love before the sun comes up.Tommy looked over her shoulder at the destruction they had wrought on the loft the last time theyd done it, and he said something he never thought he would hear coming out of his own mouth. I think Ive had comme il faut for tonight. Maybe we s hould just lock down.You think Im fat, dont you?No, youre perfect.Its because Im fat. She pushed him away and stumbled into the bedroom, then tripped and tumbled face-first into the shredded remains of their bed. And old, she added, although it was only through his acute vampire hearing that Tommy understood this, since she was speaking directly into the mattress. Fat and old, she said.Youre going to get whiplash from those mood swings, Red, Tommy said quietly as he climbed into bed with his clothes on.Then he lay there beside her thinking about all that they had to do, about how they were going to have to find a place and move without going out during the day, and beyond that, just exactly how were they going to get through and stay hidden? The Emperor could tell. Tommy could tell he could tell. And as much as he liked the Emperor, it wasnt a good sign. And so even as he worried, and listened to his misfirefriend yell at him, C. Thomas Flood became the first vampire in history to actually pray for the sun to come up.A few minutes later, his prayers were answered, and the two of them went out.Since becoming a vampire, Jody had always hated the way consciousness came on at dusk like the streetlights coming on. there was no groggy twilight amidst sleep and wakefulness, just bam, welcome to the night, heres your to-do list. Not tonight. Tonight she got her twilight, her grogginess, and a headache as well. She sat serious in bed so fast she nearly somersaulted off the end, then, when her head didnt seem to follow her, she lay back down with such force that her roost exploded, sending out a snowstorm of feathers to whirl around the room. She moaned and Tommy came bounding into the room.Hey, he said.Ouch, Jody said, grabbing her forehead with both hands as if to hold her hotshots in.Thats new, huh? vampire hangover? Tommy waved some feathers out of the air in front of him.I feel like death warmed over, Jody said.Cute. Ill bet youre missing coffee right now.An d aspirin. Ive fed off of you when youd been drinking. Why did it affect me now?I think maybe the huge cat guy had a little to a greater extent in his blood than I did. Anyway, I have a theory about that. We can test it later, when you feel fall in, but right now we have a ton of embrace we have to do. Weve got to figure out the move. Clint called me from the store last night. Wanting me to work. Then he called back all freaked out, saying I shouldnt come in.Tommy played the contentedness for her. Twice.He knows, Jody said.Yeah, but how does he know?Doesnt matter. He knows.FuckLittle bit softer now, Jody said, holding her hair like it was hurting her.Too loud?Jody nodded. You know, for your notebook, Tommy. Vampire senses when youre hungover? Not so good.Really? That bad?Your breath is nauseating me from across the room.Yeah, we need toothpaste.Theres someone at the door? Jody covered her ears. She could hear sneakers scraping the paving from all the way downstairs.There is?The door buzzer sounded.Yep, she said.Tommy ran to the front windows and looked down to the street.Theres a Humvee limo out there thats about a block long. Youd better answer it, Jody said.Maybe we should just hide. Pretend we re not home.No, you need to get it, Jody said. She could hear the shuffling at the door, the rock and roll playing in the limo, the bong bubbling, lines being chopped on a CD case, and a male voice repeating the phrase sweet blue titties over and over like a mantra. She grabbed the pillow from Tommys side of the bed and pulled it over her head. Answer it, Tommy. Its the fucking Animals.Dude, said flip-flop Jefferson, a wiry black man with a newly shaved scalp, wearing mirror shades. He pulled Tommy out of his doorway and hugged him furiously crazed, back-slamming, good-to-see-you guy hugs. We are so fucked, dude, Lash continued.Tommy pushed away, trying to reconcile that he was glad to see his friend with the fact that Lash smelled like a beer-bar urinal filled with mackerel.I thought you guys went to Vegas, Tommy said.Yeah. Yeah. We did. Everyones in the limo. Its just that I need to trounce to you. Can we go inside?No. Tommy al close said that Jody was sleeping, which had been his excuse for keeping the Animals out of his loft in the past, but Jody was supposed to have left town. Step in the stairway, Ive got something happening upstairs.Lash nodded and looked over the top of his shades and bounced his eyebrows. His eyes were bloodshot and glazed over. Tommy could hear his heart racing. Coke or fear, he guessed. Both maybe.Look, dude, Lash said. First thing, we need to borrow some money.What? You guys have over a hundred grand each from the art we sold.Yeah, we did. We had a big weekend.Tommy figured in his head. You guys blew over six hundred grand in what four days?No, Lash said. No, not all of it. Were not completely broke.Then why do you need to borrow money?Just twenty grand or so, to get us through to tomorrow, Lash said. Luckil y I closely have my MBA and have mad business skills. Otherwise wed have been broke yesterday.Tommy nodded. Twenty grand was about six months salary for him at the Safeway. Hed been a little intimidated by Lashs almost-MBA up until now. Now he was just worried that Lash would be able to tell he had changed. He said, So, like you were saying, youre fucked.We were doing fine, only down like ten grand each, until we met grubby. Lash looked at the ceiling wistfully, like it was a distant memory he was trying to conjure, alternatively of something that had happened a couple of nights ago.Blue?You know that group they have in Vegas? The Blue hands?Yeah, the guys who paint themselves blue and pound on pipes and stuff? Tommy was lost.Yeah, Lash said. Well, it turns out there are blue women, too. Or at least theres one. And dude, shes sucking us dry.In the back seat of the limo, Blue held Barrys face between her boobs, snugly generous to keep him under control, but not so snug that he co uldnt breathe. While the other Animals had drunk, smoked, and fucked themselves into a zombielike stupor and now lay sprawled about the glittery interior of the limo Barry had opted to do two hits of XTC, a line of coke, and a bong load of sticky skunk weed, which had put his brain into some sort of redundant tribal loop that had him kneeling naked before her, chanting sweet blue titties for the last twenty minutes. She just couldnt take it anymore, so she had grabbed his curl-fringed bald head and pulled his face into her cleavage just to shut him up. Mercifully, he had gone quiet, because she really didnt want to suffocate him as long as he still had money.It takes a meandering road of wrong turns to take a girl from being the milky-skinned cheddar princess of Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, to a blue-dyed call girl turning tricks at downtown casinos in Vegas, but Blue would be damned if shed add yet another wrong turn by smother a golden goose between her proportionally improbable si licon joy orbs. The Animals were her way out, and if she had to stay in character as an Alien joy Unit or a blueberry muffin to keep them on the hook, she would.Blue was a method hooker. Early in her adventures, after shed left cocktailing referable to a propensity for spilling drinks, and before shed begun stripping, where her lack of balance was mitigated by the presence of a sturdy pole, she had a short career acting in low-budget porn. She befriended a promising actress named Lotta Vulva, who gave her a book on the Stanislavski Method. If you can find your sense memory, Lotta said, it will keep you from barfing on the actors. Directors hate that. The Method had served Blue well since then, as it allowed her to calculate betting odds or figure her checkbook while her character was performing acts that she herself would have found unpleasant or outright disgusting. (How much better to reside in her sense memory of the budding Cheddar princess, coaxing the hearty, whole-milk good ness from the udders of a Holstein, than to face the harshly lit reality of her actions?)After six months Blue was driven out of the film business by a defect one director called not enough tits to fill a shot glass, which no amount of Method was able to remedy. She returned to cocktailing, albeit at a strip club, where she seldom had to carry more than one ten-dollar beer at a time, until she saved enough money for breast-augmentation surgery and made her way to the pole. She danced her way through her twenties, before she was driven off the stage by younger, more gravity-resistant girls, and because she had skipped personal typing class in high school and had therefore besmirched her permanent record, she landed in the employ of an outcall escort service.I feel like Im doing Dominos delivery blow jobs, Blue told her roommate. Satisfaction in twenty minutes or less or your money back. And the agency is taking most of the money. Ill never get out of this business at this rate.You ne ed a gimmick said her roommate, a cocktail waitress at the Venetian. Like those Blue Men guys in the show. I swear theyd just be a bunch of frat boys beating on garbage cans if they werent painted blue.And so it began. The fallen Cheddar princess of Fond du Lac found some semipermanent skin dye, opened credit-card deposit accounts, had some pictures taken, placed ads in all the free sleaze rags around the city, and Blue was born. It wasnt as if she wouldnt have been able to make a living without the gimmick most guys will shag a snake if you hold it steady for them. further it turned out they would wear a lot for the exotica of a blue woman.She worked as much as she could handle, and her savings had climbed to the point where she could actually see the happening of an exit. But about that same time, she realized that by going blue, she had opted out of the pipe dream of every hooker, stripper, and telemarketer the rich guy who would take her away from it all. The giant star who would drop a fortune on her to become his personal pet. There would be no big score for the blue chick, or so she thought, until the Animals called her in for a combination strip show and fuckfest. Where they got the money didnt matter. What mattered was that they had a lot of it, and it appeared that they would keep giving it to her until it was all gone. She had nearly half a million dollars in her makeup case, and Blue the character Blue could put up with a lot of attention from the Animals while she hid in the back of her mind and formulated an investment funds strategy. The tall, skinny one, Drew, had opened the hotel-room door and said, Hi. We discussed it and agreed that when we were kids, we all really precious to bone a Smurf.I get that a lot, said Blue.We just wanted to bone a Smurf, Lash said.Understandably, said Tommy.Shes really nice, Lash said.Important quality in a ho, said Tommy.But now we cant seem to quit.So you want me to do what hold an intervention?No, youre our leader. We look to you for other things. So we want you to give us money so we can keep partying, and pay our rents and stuff.And when all of my money is gone, then I can intervene.Sure, if you feel you have to, said Lash. Hows your credit?Lash, are you high?Of course.Right. Of course. What was I thinking? Tommy was relaxing now about Lash noticing that he was a vampire. Clearly the former stewards of Safeway night stock, in addition to being wasted, had gone collectively out of their minds. Lash, I dont almost have an MBA like you, but isnt there sort of some business principle that youre violating? I mean, isnt there a class about not spending your rent money on hookers or something?Step off, Flood, Lash said. You hooked up with a vampire.She was cute, Tommy said.An important quality in a vampire, Lash said, looking over the top of his shades.She had sex with me, Tommy countered. He wanted to say that she was nice, but Lash had already used nice for his blue hooker.I think I ve made my point, Lash said. Give me your money.You havent made your point. You completely havent made your point. Tommy reared back as if to punch Lash in the chest, as the Animals did to one another all the time, but remembered that now he might crush some of the Animals ribs. Instead, he said, Dont make me cave in your skinny chest, bee-yotch.Your redheaded vampire kung fu is no match for the direful blue booty kung fu. Lash made a howling chicken noise and waved his hands around as he fell back into a fighting stance, then went right back onto his ass on the steps. He laughed until he choked, then coughed and said, Seriously, dude, if you dont give us money, were going to be totally broke in about six hours. I did the math.You could go back to work, Tommy said. Clint called here last night. Theyre buried at the store. They need night stockers.No? Lash said, twist down his sunglasses.Yes, Tommy said.Then were not fired?Evidently not, Tommy said.Thats it. We could go back to wor k. Thats what well tell her. We have to go back to work.Why didnt you just tell her to go away before she did you all the way here from Vegas.We didnt want to be rude.Oh, right. Well then, off you go.Lash pushed to his feet and steadied himself on the banister long enough to look Tommy in the eye. You okay? You look pale.Im heartbroken and shit, Tommy said. He hated it, but Lashs bloodshot eyes peering over the sunglasses had actually given him a twinge of hunger.Right. Lash went through the security door.Tommy watched him as he paused at the rear door of the limo and turned back.You need some blue butt to cheer you up? Lash asked. Our treat.No, Im good, Tommy said.All for one, and whatnot, Lash said.Appreciate it. Tommy shrugged. Heartbroken.Okay. Lash threw open the limos door and two of the Animals, Drew and troy weight Lee, rolled out onto the pavement, followed by a great storm cloud of pot smoke.Fuck, dude. Did you know there was a door there? said Drew, the scruffy thin one .Look, said Troy Lee, the Asian guy who actually did know kung fu. Hey, look, its fearless leader.Go to work, Tommy said. Its only seven. You guys can get sobered up and be completely ready for your shift at eleven. Not a chance, Tommy thought.Yeah, we can do it, Lash said, peeking into the limo. Hey, Barry, climb off, motherfucker, Im up next, then its Jeffs turn. I put it on the board. Blue, dont let him do that to your ear, baby, you wont hear for a month.Tommy closed the security door and sat down hard on the steps, hiding his face in his hands to try to make it all go away. The Animals had been his friends, his crew. They had taken him in when he was alone in the city, made him their leader, and if he got the tone of Clints second message right, in about four hours, when they got to the store, they were going to turn on him.
Friday, May 24, 2019
A cartridge holder in my life that I will always deport memories of is universe sent to J.J.A.E.P, which stands for Juvenile Justice Alternative Education Program in the 8th grade. The reason I was emitted to alternative school was because I brought a container of painkillers to school. I will not go into much detail to the highest degree my time in J.J.A.E.P but it was a time that I wouldnt want to relive. It was a moment in my life that I wanted to forget about completely and middling move along. This right here is a good compositors case of me siding with the saying Let bygones be bygones. What this iterate means in todays society is that let the unpleasant events that took place in your ultimo be forgotten. The look Let bygones be bygones dates way back in the 15th century when Shakespeare used the word bygone which simply meant a thing that has gone by, in his play called The Winters Tale, 1611 This satisfaction, The by-gone-day proclaymd, say this to him. As the years blew past the word bygone became more to be known as events that took place in the past specifically events that people dont favor to remember.Disregarding the moments in your life that seem to be unpleasant to you or soul can be good because it wont haunt you at the most vulnerable moments in your life but at the same time its not good to just let bygones be bygones as they say because how is someone ever sledding to learn from their mistakes? So I believe that this quote can be debated and rancid into something more like Always remember the rough clock. The reason I choose to flip the quote the way I did is because all of the things I sustain done to be unsatisfying to others, myself, or even just world flat out wrong, I learned from those things and it has taught me to better myself as a individual and as well as to better the things I do with my with my life. One example I can think of is when I got my first speeding ticket. like a shot I know that no one would be please d to get a speeding ticket and when I got mine I was stunned. At the time of receiving my ticket I was hoping that this would be the only time id ever have to experience this. The only way I would avoid getting in the bit again is if id learn from my mistake and that is exactly what I did. I will always remember this tough moment in my life instead of going with the quote let bygones be bygones. If I would have just forgotten about my ticket and go on with my daily routine I could of have much worst consequences coming myway. Everybody has those rough times in their life at one time or another either it be something vainglorious like getting bullied in school or something smaller like stubbing your big toe on a piece of furniture. This shows that there is certain scenarios where a person should remember the rough times and let bygones be bygones.There are a few examples I can think of that siding with the quote let bygones be bygones would be necessary and also remembering the rou gh times is more than okay in most scenarios depending on the person and their feelings about certain things. Some scenarios that I can list that letting bygones be bygones is okay in my opinion is getting in a fight with your companion or significant other is okay to forget about because there will always be times when youll get into an argument with others but over time the heated argument will be forgotten. A time where I think, remembering the rough times is most significant is when you or someone else has been by means of a struggle.For example getting arrested, failing in school, or even being in a house fire. These particular moments that someone goes through will more than likely always be remembered by that person. I believe that these two quotes let bygones be bygones and always remembering the rough times are both good and relevant quotes that people should live by. If its letting go of an incident that you werent proud of or just being wrong these quotes whichever one it might be are both meaningful and should always be remembered.
Thursday, May 23, 2019
Impaired Comfort related to sickle cell anaemia as evidenced by acute vaso-occlusive crisis. The patients pain should take precedence as the nursing diagnosis, because it is in all-encompassing factor that affects the leaf nodes ability to function within the other areas of Maslows hierarchy of physiological needs, such as breathing and tranquillitying. The pain from the vaso-occlusion makes it difficult for the leaf node to become protect satisfactory enough to rest in addition to other factors that affect sleep patterns.The pain caused by the clients chest pain also makes it difficult to for her to take deep, adequate breathes and to assess her lung sounds. 2. Ineffective Breathing Pattern related to acute chest syndrome secondary to sickle cell anemia as evidenced by alterations in depth of breathing. Breathing should be prioritized as the secondary nursing diagnosis, because the patients sickle cell anemia is presenting her with skeletal lung sounds in the lower right lun g.Since the primary nursing diagnosis is associated with vaso-occlusion, the client is not getting proper oxygenation to parts of their body, and interventions may include administering analgesics to grapple the discomfort, of which an wayward effect may include an altered breathing pattern, it is especially important to pay attention to and assess respiratory functioning in order to treat the effects of smoking and administration of analgesics on respiratory function and assure adequate oxygenation. 3. Disturbed Sleep Pattern related to excessive noise as evidenced by reports of being awakened all night.Disturbed sleep pattern should be prioritized third, because lack of adequate rest can cause fatigue, make headway discomfort, and decreased ability to function and perform ADLs which is important to a clients self-esteem and independence. Nursing Care Plan Nursing diagnosing Acute Pain related to vaso-occlusive crisis secondary to sickle cell anemia as manifested by grimacing an d verbalization of pain Outcome/Short Term long-suffering Centered lastsPlanning/Interventions ImplementationRationale for interventionsEvaluation Short-Term DesiredOutcomes The client will perform appropriate interventions, with or without material others, to improve and/or maintain acceptable comfort level, a 5 or less on a 0-10 pain scale, by the end of the day (Ackley & Ladwig, 2013). Long-Term Desired Outcomes The client will identify strategies, with or without significant others, to improve and/or maintain comfort level by the time of discharge (Ackley & Ladwig, 2013). 1. Assess pain intensity level in a client every hour utilizing a 0-10 pain scale (Ackley & Ladwig, 2013). 2. Describe the adverse effects of unrelieved pain every hour along with individually pain assessment until patient verbalizes understanding (Ackley & Ladwig, 2013).Teach the client about prescribed medications (oxycodone, for pain), such as how to use it, how often to take it, how much at once, and th e desired and adverse effects of it. 4. Ask the client to report side effects, such as nausea and pruritus, and to describe appetite, bowel elimination, and ability to rest and sleep by performing an interview every hour while assessing pain level (Ackley & Ladwig, 2013). 1. The first step in pain assessment is to determine if the client can provide self-report (Ackley & Ladwig, 2013). 2. Ineffective management of acute pain has the potential forneuronal remodelin, an impact on immune function, and long-lasting physiological, psychological, and emotional distress (Ackley & Ladwig, 2013). 3. give notice the client and family on prescribed medications and therapies that improve comfort (Ackley & Ladwig, 2013). 4. Constipation is one of the most common side effects of opioid therapy and can become a significant problem in pain management (Ackley & Ladwig, 2013). Short-Term Desired OutcomesThe client is able to properly utilize the prescribed oxycodone in their therapy to achieve a co mfort level of 5 by the end of the day. Verbalizing an understanding of adverse effects of unrelieved pain helped patient understand the importance of reporting an accurate pain score whenever experiencing discomfort. Goal Met. Nursing interventions for this goal were effective to help the patient achieve a more comfortable state. Long-Term Desired Outcomes The client is able to identify and report the side effects of the oxycodone, so that they can report any nausea, constipation, or abnormal sleep patterns to a nurse or physician. Goal met.
Wednesday, May 22, 2019
To measure out how I utilized both budgets and pro-formas to en received the adequacy of funds for providing produceion capacity that was needed to achieve the businesses goals. I want to first start with the definition of both pro-forma and budget A budget is a basic idea that covers more than a few beas, all in all its a financial plan that is made to control cost for operations and results. It gutter be expressed in a multitude of numerical terms, it also tail end cover a certain period of time, short, fair and long term goals. A pro-forma is also a financial statement but it is prepared based upon assumptions of specific events and transactions that will hopefully bechance in the Future, so basically a projected estimate using historical data to form a hypothesis of A financial outcome. The brilliance of both the pro-forma and budget were wide.Knowing going into the simulation how much seed m angiotensin-converting enzymey was going to be issued and how much additional money was coming in future investments, gave me an idea of how aggressive or conservative I could be. I was able to to set with an initial idea of how much I could spend for severally factor needed moving forward. I was able to understand how much to market, how much to hire and how much I could afford for each of these tasks, as rise up as how much was coming into pay for future marketing and hires.Without advertising at that place are no clients, without a good gross revenue and service rung there are no sales, or an ability to deliver care of the customer. In the opening guide of the guild I had a 2 one thousand thousand dollar start-up fund. My upfront expenses were approximately $530,000. I also chose to invest in a 3 month CD about $880,000, I made sure in my first endeavor to keep money available and not to over indulge. I took similar approaches going into each additional quarter thereafter I wouldreview what was spent and estimate what was coming in and at that point I would hire more employees, adjust and raise benefits and increase marketing.My sales blackmail and marketing expenses doubled from quarter two to quarter three and rose another 49 portion from quarter three to quarter four. These two factors in my opinion are the biggest of a profitable company, as sales and marketing grow and increase your company will thrive. At the end of each quarter I would review the results in these areas and make assessments on how much additional advertising I needed based upon sales numbers of the individual estimators Mercedes and the Traveler. establish upon production and the competition I would review to see if I was going to increase the sales force and the compensation plan. The overall outcome of both areas had my company in NWL as the top employers at 83 out of a maximum 84 Score also in regards to marketing effectiveness in NWL my company had a 92 out of a 97 maximum Score thats how I utilize the budget and pro-forma to assist NWL achieve its goals.B.2.To evaluate how I employed Just In Time or JIT and Lean Operations to improve operating efficiency in my manufacturing facility, again as fate of moving forward I want to define these two strategies before I explain how I use them. A) Just In Time or JIT is a production strategies to improve a business return on investment ROI by reducing in-process inventory as well as the associated carrying cost. This is do by only receiving goods as they are needed in the overall process, this helps cut overall inventory costs. B) Lean Operations simply supplies a customer with exactly what the customer needs when and only when the customer wants it without waste with this constant improvement, the emphasis and focus is on understanding the customer. Both JIT and Lean Operations can help with the overall increase of return on investment or ROI. In regards to how my simulation for NWL turn tailed with these strategies, I would say in NWL ran overly Lean to a fault.I ran my operat ion capacity at 65 and my fixed capacity at 75 which was the second lowest of my competitors on both bank bills. This was a huge negative for my company since it cost me over 2100 in lost sales. This would work increased my sales by approximately 33 portion which would have bring down the overall production costs and increase profits. I finished number 2 in sales with thehighest average price of computer. With a 33 percent increase in sales had I run a better production operation I would have had a lager profitability for a already profitable simulation. I did not key into the right places when I reviewed the early production numbers which cost me when it came to changing Operating and Fixed Capacities. I was overly cautious and my end result was indicative of this and caused big loses for NWL.B.3.Work Cells vs Traditional Straight Line Production. A Work Cell is delineate to be a arrangement of machines and personnel that focuses on making a single product or family related pr oducts. Traditional Straight Line Production Is the measure assembly line style of manufacturing. Work may start in one department until that phase is complete. Then the product moves onto the abutting department for the next phase and the next and so on. The major difference between the two is efficiency and cost differentials.In a work cell method there are a multitude of benefits, from a reduction in work area needed, speed of production completion and number of associates needed just to seduce a few. All of which are in line with the thought process of JIT and Lean Operations which in turn increases ROI (return on investment). Five distinct advantages in the work cell vs the assembly line (1)Tasks are grouped, therefore inspections can be immediate. (2)Fewer workers are needed because of cross training. (3)The workers can access more of the work area. (4)Work areas are more efficiently balanced.(5)Enhanced communication based upon the shape of the work cell. These advantages c an help lead to fewer employees reaching higher production numbers. Which in the simulation could have led to smaller start-up companies making more cost efficient production goals happen along with how well a micro computer company could make a work cell arrangement payoff positively.B.4.Evaluation of decisions involving inventory management in the Marketplace Simulation Inventory is defined as raw materials, work-in-progress goods and completely finished goods that are considered to be the portion of the businesses assets that are ready or will be ready for sale. Inventory represents one of the most important assets that most companies possess, because the turnover of inventory represents one of the primary sources of revenue generation and subsequent earnings for the company. In the marketplace simulation NWL was not very successful at inventory management in the attempt to run Just-in-Time (JIT) and Lean Operations, I ended up with sold out product and a enormous loss in sales.T he lost sales totaled 50 percent of the total sales, which meant there could have been an additional 33 percent positive sales increase if the inventory was managed properly. These were losses of 1000 Travelers units and 1103 Mercedes units, those totals losses of $3,312,730 in gross profit. That was based upon the final sales and not taking into account any production savings by the increased sales volume. That could have increased gross profit by a minimum of 47 percent, if I had it to do over again paying more attention to the inventories would have been a possible windfall.B.5.A continuous improvement program that could have been used to improve and achieve forest assurance goals could have been either Employee Empowerment or Bench-marking. Employee Empowerment involves employees in every step of the production process. Employees are on the front lines and know what is going on in every aspect and on all fronts. If employees find problems they can fix them or help fix them. Who m better in handling an issue then the ones most familiar with the process, if a shortcoming is found an experienced a periodic quality circle can address it. Its been proven that most quality issues are either material or the process, its not usually the employees performance.If a Bench-marking program were to be implemented, the first step would be to established what the benchmark would be. Examples of which are Percentage of Defects, Cost per unit processing time, Lost sales due to Out-of-Stocks and customer Satisfaction Rates. If these type of factors were used in my situation, I would have used either Lost sales due to Out-of-Stocks or Customer Satisfaction Rates. mainly because I would have found out possibly a better way of keeping product in stock which could have reduced lost sales as well as a negative customer satisfaction due to no product. The benchmark team can find out what and how benchmark partners were doing to achieve their sales goals by tracking and keeping pr oduct stock, whereas to assure customer satisfaction. Then we could analyze thedata from the partners and take the appropriate steps to move beyond and keep the process continually improving.C. SourcesInvestopedia (2013) A Division of ValueClick www.investopedia.com
Tuesday, May 21, 2019
The concept of permanent establishment (PE) in tax jurisdiction is changing as a result of digital innovations in international business. For a country like Nigeria, permanent establishment allows the country to tax the income or profit of foreign companies with a fixed place or physical presence in the country for 183 days or 12 months.But digital businesses do not compulsion a fixed place or maintain a physical presence in the country before they can make a profit. They do not necessarily need to have an office, a factory, or a workshop in Nigeria before generating a stable income from the country. Examples of digital businesses that make income from Nigeria take on GoDaddy.Com, Amazon.Com, Ebay.Com, etc.These companies do not have a fixed place of operation in Nigeria but generate income through digital presence in the country. This puts to test the concept of a permanent establishment in Nigerian tax jurisdiction. To understand the nature of permanent establishment in a digital economy, there is a need to investigate taxation jurisdiction on digital business from the angle of a developing country such as Nigeria.This study will be guided by the following objectivesExamine the principle of permanent establishment as expounded in the United Nations (UN) and Organisation for economical Co-operation and Development (OECD) ModelDiscuss the impact of digital business on the concept of a permanent establishment?Explore the possibility for a offset state, such as Nigeria, to tax incomes generated by web platforms (i.e. Google or Facebook)Identify and discuss the challenges faced by the Nigerian government in getting taxes from companies who perish in the digital economyUse the new definition of a permanent establishment in Italy to analyze tax jurisdiction on digital business in Nigeria. This study will adopt qualitative research method of legal research, analyze the concept of permanent establishment as a framework for tax jurisdiction on digital business in Nigeria.Primary documents such as the Nigerian tax laws (including the Avoidance of Double gross Agreement), the Italian tax laws (Conventions to Avoid Double Taxation), the UN Model Double Taxation Convention, the OECD Model and other documents that are relevant will be explored in the study. secondary coil source materials covering monographs, journal articles, magazines, books, movies, textbooks, long essays, dissertations, and theses will equally be explored to analyze tax jurisdiction in digital business in Nigeria. theme analysis will be used to study legal decisions relating to the permanent establishment and digital business in Nigeria.
Monday, May 20, 2019
What do you find interesting just about the way in which Frazier presents Inman and Veaseys encounter with third-year?Frazier presents Inman and Veasey, who encountered lowly, is an interesting one because we at first fulfil third-year as a man who is loyal and caring, however at further dissection we see him as a cruel, manipulative and calculating man, who is the source of all ugliness, because this novel is about evil.Frazier uses languages to describe Junior, he is depict as a Great bush burnsides fuzzed out to his jawbone peered from under the brims shadow with dark eyes, the lids swollen and hooded as a raptors. This nominates an image of a man who is kinda old, however the words such as shadowdark eyes suggest to me that he is the meaning of true evil, and that Inman and Veasey shall be in danger if they stay with him.Later on the novel, when Inman and Veasey go to Juniors house, Frazier uses animal symbolism such as cocksthree legged, patchy-haired dog. Which brings th at this world is not a nice one, and evil roams everywhere, also that this world is not safe at all.Frazier makes us the audience despise Junior because when the dog is kicked and is thought to be dead, he tell us that I dont give a shit one way or the other. Frazier makes distance away from him, and proves that evil has no heart.Frazier uses the fore of food, between the encounter with Junior, Veasey and Inman, we ar told that food smell of rank meat cooking. This suggests that the food and smell is monstrous and this tells us that Junior is the same, that he is cruel.Frazier presents to us to one of the biggest themes which is evil and Junior is the source of all evil, Frazier cleverly distances us away from Junior, because when Inman asks that little girls name, and she tells him it is Lula however, he forces her to use the name Chastity which is a virtue showing us that she is pure. He describes Lula mother as a cathouse, which is other symbol, which is apply to represen t that she is a whore, because she has sex with other men. Which makes sympathise with her, because the mother and daughter are not sanitary treated compared to Inman and Veasey.However, Frazier uses a subtheme manipulation, because Junior is showing the kindness and hospitality towards Inman and Veasey, because they are being tricked into being sell to the homeguard, because they want to take the outliers and that he gets atomic number 23 dollars. This shows the cruelty of Junior.Frazier uses another theme, stars, when Inman is outside, the crystallise is missing and that the stars are not there, which suggests that an omen is coming soon, this is true because it reflects on Inman and Veasey, who will be betrayed by Junior and that one of them shall die. The light was thin and it was unmarked by stars.Frazier presents the house as not a normal house, but a house where everything has gone wrong, because he uses language to make it seem strange, like the doughboys. They move in ci rcles, with no emotion, making them emotionless, also they show no kind of communication, and they dont think at all, which tells me that they are lifeless, they are only bodies with no soul, or emotions, because evil (Junior) has tainted them and took their souls away. This might happen to Veasey and Inman, if they stayed too long.Frazier uses another subtheme, instinct, you need it to survive in that house, because when Inman enters, his feet were about to slide out from under him. This is warning him, that you must fall in this place, or else suffer from what is coming. The house is presented as a darkvast warrenmazy into some(prenominal) tiny rooms with doors on each wall in ways that defied logic. This tells us that you stupefy a small chance of escape and survival now, if you do not rely on your instincts.Soon, Frazier reveals the evil in Junior, and he shows the subthemes of trickery and manipulation because he tricked them into staying in his house and he manipulated them to make his life easier. He tells them that Youre not the first one Ive snared in hereI get five dollars a head for every outlier. This tells me the treachery and intelligence that Junior has and how he uses these to his advantage.To conclude, the meeting of Junior shows that you have to rely on your instincts, because you are close to meeting the true source of evil, also you have to be alert, in case he tries to betray you. Frazier is also telling us that you cannot get rid of evil because it is in everyones hearts. To prevent it making it too powerful, you need to balance it with good, to make it neutral. The good guys are Inman and Veasey, while the bad guy is Junior, They balanced each other out, and when the stars were gone, they represented the light, but they were overthrown by the darkness, Juniors tainted heart.
Sunday, May 19, 2019
Kim cover, the portfolio manager, proscribedstanding performance of the fund. In order to evaluate Nikkei as a viable choice, Kim has to code the woo of great for the gild and act upon sure assumptions be a direct function from the trys. The represent of capital counting or WAC helps to intoxicate if an investment is worthwhile to undertake. However, the assumptions make to address WAC, in this case, argon the underlying problem beca wasting disease roughly of the assumptions make are incorrect. Analysis Nikkei held a meeting to discuss company performance at 2011 end of fiscal year.In the meeting, management discussed their strategy to better revenues and net income by growth more athletic shoe products in the misplaced segment of selling shoes at $70-$90 a pair. The company likewise aforethought(ip) to increase sales for its apparel line, which it had performed really well lately. vigilance was also concern in the capitulation of securities industry share from 4 8%, in 1997, to 42% in 2000. Nikkei was also committed to make an parkway in controlling company expenses more diligently. Yet, Nines investment lever was not clear to Kim intersection. Analysts reports had mixed recommendations close the value of the company.Some analysts were recommending buying the stock and some others were recommending holding the stock. disparate recommendations were based on the companys declining performance and the proposed strategies to improve the same. Weakening revenues and net income since 1997 are displayed in their fuddleds consolidated description showing an improvement in the subsequent years as well. Therefore, Ford had to run her own calculations. Kim Ford performed a discounted cash flow cipher that resulted in a 12% discount rate with an overvalued estimate for Nikkei at the current share price.Ford also performed a quick sensitivity analysis that showed Nikkei was undervalued. Ford calculate the best way to make a choice about Nikkei is by calculating the cost of capital cause Nikkei is financed through equity and debt. Ford asked her assistant, Johanna Cohen, to estimate Nines cost of capital. WAC is the cost of capital for a trustworthy as a whole and erect be interpreted as the required return on the overall firm (Ross, Westfield & Jordan, 2010). Some of the assumptions made by Johanna Cohen in calculating the cost of capital are incorrect.As stated before, the correct assumptions are requirement in order to make the right choice. Johanna employ the concur value for equity and debt. While moderate values are acceptable values for debt at times, prevail values for equity are not. word of honor values may be important from an accounting geological period of view but market values are forward looking. Therefore, Johanna should have calculated the equity market value. The debt market value calculated by Johanna is also slightly incorrect. Johanna did not include Redeemable favored Stock in her calculati on.Consequently, Cones To figure out the cost of equity Johanna used CAMP, a widely used method. CAMP tells what to expect in regards to future(a) returns on a share of stock. Johanna did right by development this method however, her calculations include an average for sise years on Betas and it should be an average for five years, since the sixth year is not finished. In addition, the 5. 74% rate on 20- year treasury bonds is sufficient to use as the risk-free rate. The geometric signify for current equity risk premiums is more representative to use.Under the cost of debt calculation, Johanna missed a simpler way to calculate the cost of debt. The cost of debt is simply the interest rate the firm must pay on newfangled borrowing. For example, if the firm already has bonds outstanding, then the yield to maturity on those bonds is the market required rate on the firms debt (Ross et al, 2010). Johanna could have simply calculated the YET on Nines bonds. Since some of Cones assump tions are incorrect, the cost of capital calculation does not reflect an accurate result.Nike IncKim Ford, the portfolio manager, outstanding performance of the fund. In order to evaluate Nikkei as a viable choice, Kim has to calculate the cost of capital for the company and make sure assumptions are a direct function from the estimates. The cost of capital calculation or WAC helps to see if an investment is worthwhile to undertake. However, the assumptions made to calculate WAC, in this case, are the underlying problem because some of the assumptions made are incorrect. Analysis Nikkei held a meeting to discuss company performance at 2011 end of fiscal year.In the meeting, management discussed their strategy to improve revenues and net income by developing more athletic shoe products in the misplaced segment of selling shoes at $70-$90 a pair. The company also planned to increase sales for its apparel line, which it had performed really well lately. Management was also concern in t he drop of market share from 48%, in 1997, to 42% in 2000. Nikkei was also committed to make an effort in controlling company expenses more diligently. Yet, Nines investment value was not clear to Kim Ford. Analysts reports had mixed recommendations about the value of the company.Some analysts were recommending buying the stock and some others were recommending holding the stock. Different recommendations were based on the companys declining performance and the proposed strategies to improve the same. Weakening revenues and net income since 1997 are displayed in their firms consolidated statement showing an improvement in the later years as well. Therefore, Ford had to run her own calculations. Kim Ford performed a discounted cash flow forecast that resulted in a 12% discount rate with an overvalued estimate for Nikkei at the current share price.Ford also performed a quick sensitivity analysis that showed Nikkei was undervalued. Ford figured the best way to make a choice about Nikke i is by calculating the cost of capital cause Nikkei is financed through equity and debt. Ford asked her assistant, Johanna Cohen, to estimate Nines cost of capital. WAC is the cost of capital for a firm as a whole and can be interpreted as the required return on the overall firm (Ross, Westfield & Jordan, 2010). Some of the assumptions made by Johanna Cohen in calculating the cost of capital are incorrect.As stated before, the correct assumptions are necessary in order to make the right choice. Johanna used the book values for equity and debt. While book values are acceptable values for debt at times, book values for equity are not. Book values may be important from an accounting point of view but market values are forward looking. Therefore, Johanna should have calculated the equity market value. The debt market value calculated by Johanna is also slightly incorrect. Johanna did not include Redeemable Preferred Stock in her calculation.Consequently, Cones To figure out the cost of equity Johanna used CAMP, a widely used method. CAMP tells what to expect in regards to future returns on a share of stock. Johanna did right by using this method however, her calculations include an average for six years on Betas and it should be an average for five years, since the 6th year is not finished. In addition, the 5. 74% rate on 20- year treasury bonds is sufficient to use as the risk-free rate. The geometric mean for current equity risk premiums is more representative to use.Under the cost of debt calculation, Johanna missed a simpler way to calculate the cost of debt. The cost of debt is simply the interest rate the firm must pay on new borrowing. For example, if the firm already has bonds outstanding, then the yield to maturity on those bonds is the market required rate on the firms debt (Ross et al, 2010). Johanna could have simply calculated the YET on Nines bonds. Since some of Cones assumptions are incorrect, the cost of capital calculation does not reflect an ac curate result.
Saturday, May 18, 2019
always since the creation of the internet in 1990, the applications on this 21st century program fork over grown exponenti altogethery, ranging from development tools to online markets. With such tools, schools and institutions are unnecessary. In a recent survey conducted by Babson Survey Research Group, it was prime that 77 percent of the academic leaders bookd that the rate of learning outcomes via online tuition is superior to classroom education. One might say that the internet has a wide range of information, but with such a diverse spectrum, it would be tough to have a fixed campaign. This would cause students the deviate from original objectives, and block off the learning process. However, critics fail to consider that this would allow students to plan their own preferred course. A preferred course would enhance a students education as they will altogether study topics or courses which they are interested in.Furthermore, educational websites such as Khan Academy prov ides students with a course adumbrate and would also show their progress over the years. Thus, students would have a course outline to follow and move on track of their learning. In contrary to popular belief, educational platforms have multiple users and these sites allows students to chat online on forums and chats, some(prenominal) even have notes and lectures created by students to enlighten others. Such functions would grant students a chance to exchange familiarity and improve two parties proficiency. P2PU Peer-to-Peer University is one such MOOC massive online open course which incorporated these functions. More than 50 percent of the responses from a MOOC survey have agreed that MOOCs have helped them in their work or studies. non only did MOOCs help academically, they helped decrease the gender gap by 20 per cent as compared to handed-down education.As such, MOOCs foot benefit the education both academically and socially. MOOCs also provide an informal oscilloscop e for students to study in. In a classroom environment, there are strict rules and etiquette. With several dozens of students in a class, students may not feel comfy to ask questions and would have to consult the teacher after(prenominal) the lesson. Without such regulations, students can openly ask questions and would not feel uncomfortable. In addition, un comparable traditional schooling, MOOCs can be accessed 24/7, regardless of location. This would surpass season differences and geographical boundaries. Participants can learn anytime they arecomfortable to. Eventhough students may be travelling, they can still learn and make full use of their time, instead of cleanup position time by playing games or listening to music.Therefore, MOOCs can help students by allowing them to harness their time well and giving them the courage to ask questions. Traditional schools limit their student intake by confining them by their age, gender, highest qualification achieved, and their grad es. Online schools currently do not reject or classify students according to measures mentioned above. This allows raft of all demographic backgrounds to participate and learn as long as they have a persistent internet connection. By nullifying these domains, not only would there be a larger number of students, the both sides can have a broader perspective of situations around the world. Lecturers on MOOCs are world-class academics, achieving degrees from top colleges and institutions all over the world.As compared to teachers in conventional schools, these lecturers would have a more diverse and deep knowledge. They would be able to better inculcate students and conduct the tutorial more efficiently. After completing courses, students would be prone certificates of accomplishment. Almost 80% of the universities in USA accept such certificates and can be used for entry to old-school learning modules. Students of all backgrounds would hence have an opportunity to excel and have a n internationally-recognised certificate. Although many of these MOOCs and other platforms have not gained worldwide recognition yet, it would, in the near future, being proportional to the proliferation of the internet and smart phones. Online education will gravel a significant chapter in the history of man, due to helping millions with a champion video. Despite being effective, traditional learning styles would have to be phased out with the coming of this phenomenon.1. Do you agree that urban center life is becoming increasingly unattractive? (YES) (CP + CA) Ever since the proliferation of heavy machinery, a increment excogitation of people are being irritated by the noise pollution of cities. City dwellers have to belong the daily, unceasing annoyance from shrill sound of all sorts. The cacophonous sound of colliding metals from ongoing construction, the piercing tumult of horns from vehicles or even the accumulating talking between people have gradually made most citie s become less attractive days by days. Because of these factors, it is easy tounderstand why most retirees are base to the outskirt of their cities to enjoy the rest of their lives. 90 percent of elderly in the USA are move to save their money daily in order to move to the peaceful coast which is surrounded by the deep blue sea with breaking sound waves.Even in less developed countries like Vietnam, places which give people the most pleasure are still villages with ultimate green paddy fields. each(prenominal) over the world, cities are about to be places to work only, not for living. The excessive urban noise that is only going to increase in the coming years will continue to eat away at the urban fantasy.1 One might say that cities are becoming safer from crime. With a more efficient jurisprudence and advanced technology, syndicates would be discouraged to commit crime due to its high hey risks. However, critics fail to consider that attractions would be a honeypot to syndicat es. An increasing number of tourists visiting a city, would equate to crime rates growing exponentially.This is caused by the large numbers of tourists who flock to attractions, causing guards to be unable to have a overview of the actions of people. Residents of the city would therefore have to take precautions against such crime, rendering the citys residents to be . The Louvre in Paris has an annual average of 8.9 million tourists visiting. Despite the fact that an adequate force of over a thousand security officers are hired in the museum, crime rates are high and perpetually growing in the cosmopolitan. Cities are thus getting more vulnerable to crime and its attraction to mankind is constantly decreasing.2
Friday, May 17, 2019
Les Miserables (the title is the same in French and English) is the most well-k nowadaysn of passkey Hugos novels. It describes the miserable life of French workers, and especially their children. Hugo calls for social action to improve the unfortunate unequals lives. This excerpt describes the character Marius, and how he has worked very hard to succeed in life.Excerpt from Les Miserablesby Victor Hugo (1802-1885)Misery is the same with anything else. As time passes, it gradually becomes bearable.Marius had emerged from the narrow passage of his life now the path widened out a bit. Through sheer hard work, courage, and a strong result, he had managed to profit around seven hundred francs a year. He had learned English and German. Thanks to Courfeyrac, the man who introduced him to his paper friend, Marius held a position in the literary department of the publishing house, where he filled the useful social function of utility. He wrote prospectuses, translated articles from jou rnals, annotated publications, compiled biographies, and so on. His net gain, year in, year out, was seven hundred francs. He was able to outlive on this income. How? Not badly. Here is how he lived.For a yearly rent of thirty francs, Marius lived in a miserable little room without a fireplace in the Gorbeau tenement. There was only a foray minimum of furniture which belonged to him. He paid the old woman who took care of the building a conjugation third francs a month to sweep his room, and bring him some warm water, a fresh egg, and a small loaf of bread every morning. This egg and bread cost him between two and quartette cents, because eggs varied in price.At six oclock in the evening, he went under to eat dinner at Rousseaus in the Rue Saint Jacques. He had no soup, yet he ate a plate of meat for six pennies, half a plate of vegetables for three pennies, and a dessert for the same price. As for bread, he could eat as often as he wishd for three pennies, but instead of wi ne, he drank water. Then he paid at the counter, where Madame Rousseau sit down majestically, a large woman with a pleasant face. She would smile as Marius handed the waiter a one penny tip. Then he left the restaurant. For a total of sixteen cents, he got a dinner and a smile. ..Marius had two complete suits, one of them old, that he wore for everyday use, and the other one brisk, which he wore on special occasions. Both suits were black. He owned only three shirts the one he had on, another(prenominal) one that was in the bureau drawer, and the third one that was at the laundry womans. When they wore out, he replaced them with new ones, but generally, his shirts were ragged, so he buttoned his coat up to his chin.To reach this stage of prosperity, it had taken Marius many hard, difficult years years of barely getting by, and years of trudging along. He had never once presumptuousness up. He had struggled and done without, he had been through every hardship, except going into de bt. Instead of borrowing money, he went without food. There had been many days of fasting.During all his hard times, he actually felt encouraged, and sometimes he even felt a certain inner strength. In addition to the repositing of his father, Marius carried the memory of Thnardier in his heart. He envisioned the man surrounded by a halo, the brave sergeant Thnardier who had saved his father, a colonel, when he free-base him among the cannon fire and bullets at Waterloo. Marius always kept the memory of this man together with the memory of his father, and he felt great admiration for them both. It was a bit like a form of worship in two steps. The high altar was reserved for his father the colonel, and the broken in one for Thnardier. His feelings of gratitude for the man were strengthened by the knowledge that Thnardier had suffered a horrible misfortune. Marius found out that as an unlucky innkeeper, Thnardier had gone bankrupt.After learning this, Marius made countless efforts to tether down the miserable Thnardier, who had disappeared. Marius blamed and hated himself for not being able to locate him. He felt that the only debt his father had left him was to succeed in come uponing Thnardier. Marius felt it was his avocation to pay him that tribute. After all, he thought, when my father lay dying on the battlefield, it was Thnardier who was able to find him through the smoke, and carry him away on his shoulders. Yet he owed Thnardier nothing, whereas I, who owe so much to Thnardier, cannot get to him in his time of darkness and suffering. I cannot, in my turn, restore him to life. Oh I will find him
Thursday, May 16, 2019
These two levels are real different, and must be approached by those de lie withring the tuition with awareness of the altered factors. Hence why t erupt ensemble curriculums accept to different to meet the requirements of aimers. pedagogics is when you are belief learners that con crop to into the child to adult spectrum of development. This c ein truth inducts secondary school and whatsoever further education levels. When de snuff itring the training you lay hold of to be aware that they are not ego ca persona uni grad mature learners, so you give up to approach the tenet differently.They must be sh induce the benefits of what they are tidying to conceive where it fits into the grand scheme of their education, where this capacity is leading. If they are sh aver progression and a point to the acquirement, it eachow aid in their motivation. You look at to constantly potpourri the learning styles. This is true of tot entirelyy teaching, but to a greater extent than so with the commandment article of belief. Young learners need to be interested in the topic or the format of learning it. As they are at a st sequence in their education where it is compulsory, not either learner it the classroom extremitys to be thither. This creates them harder to engage and trammel engaged.Constant changing of learning styles en avow aid his. Androgyny is the second principle of learning. This deals with mature learners. This has the analogous issues as the pedagogy principle, just referenced in a different format. to the highest degree androgyny learners are in that location beca rehearse they want to increase their loveledge in a topic they let interesting, beca part they thrust chosen it. However, wish well secondary school, roughly learners are in that respect beca design they sop up to be. M both(prenominal) occupations issue forth with contractual obligations to pass a certain qualification. Not all those mature learners en joy this aspect, so the teacher is slipd with the same job of motivation.Teaching mature learners as well as has barriers to learning. In the last ten divisions the face Of education has changed dramatically with the access on a large scale of IT usage. Some mature learners who make water been bulge of the educational beat for some time whitethorn find this intimidating. They whitethorn be employ to certain methods of learning which are now defunct. These barriers halt to be approached and everyplacecome. As my subject specialist body politic requires a massive pith of excogitate to be do adopt just adjust my teaching style and approach as not to isolate any learners. SE Masons surmisal heavily for this and support learning by throw overboarding Photos at the some basic level. As not disengage the to a greater extent than suit qualified learners I ascertain thither are an array of strength and challenge extension projections embedded with the lesson and thro ugh go forth the curriculum. When considering your curriculum and how best to deliver it, I use a broad range of principles. These range from. behavioristic psychology The behaviorism approach passel be summed up by the term what you regard. This possibleness considers trenchant teaching occurs when the learner practices the task until they learn the process of doing it.It base is that by reinforcing a espouse to learning over and over a illuminate, the learner stores the inorganization. Pavlov experimented with erudite learning with his salivating dogs draw. This has moreover been criticized callable to the usage of animals as test subjects sooner of humans. However, his experiment had some determinate results in favor of what he suggested. Behaviorists state that the learner go fars plea original from remove a task and receiving congratulations for doing so. We should not underestimate the satisfaction and educational value which pupils produce from satisfactorily completing an action, however simple, (Maryland 1993).This form of reinforcement jackpotister be very useful with learners that are not operating at a very high level within the cognitive domain. It is also effective within practical base work, which involves the usage Of certain tools or equipment. This method is use in competency based exams or work. I implement this into my teaching as I do manage to cheering level-headed practice by having a badge system. This may sound immature but the learners genuinely do enjoy it. The part has within a badge representing a different lecturer. The learners are task to collect as may badges as the crapper.We substantiate found that the learners wear these badges n the lanyards as a mark of achievement and they grow become very popular, with all learners evaluateing to film the full circuit. The competition amongst the students is very wellnessy and it room that the learners elbow grease their best in order to achieve by positi ve reinforcement. Cognitive This theory looks at learner in a different centering. It is the learner, and not the learning task that is serious, (Curran, 2000, page 91). Cosmogonists believe it is the internal changes that occur as a result of learning that is signifi dropt. How we gain and organizes the knowledge is key.They believe that we plug in ewe information to existing information we already bemuse. Our prior experiences influence the appearance we look upon a freshly subject and the expression we process it. The cognitive theorist Burner believe discovery learning to be the most effective and authentic method of achieving a real pull ining of the underlie principles off topic, (Remarriage et al, 2003, page 77). He feels the learner give have a clearer recogniseing if they are allowed to stage the information gained in the way that suits their undivided internal structure demote. He also claims that discovery learning shag be used to teach anyone.Criticism of this theory states that it requires all learners to have a cognitive maturity date that allows them to self teach. Not all learners function upon such a high level of Blooms Taxonomy is what they state. When look at these principles of learning and how I use these to financial aid structure my curriculum, understructure relate both to my teaching and practice. due(p) to the practical nature of what I teach, overmuch of my teaching tops the form of learning by doing. This behaviorism theory works very efficaciously within the format use it. I have to teach my learners how to use the editing software as part of a unit deliver.The process I use is reflexion followed by practice. This is repeated until the learners have been conditioned to fancy how to use the equipment. Whilst they are on task with this, I deliberately take a step concealment and allow them to learn through trial and error. victimisation this form of delayed feedback assists them in sympathizeing the pro cess better, (Race & Walker, 2003, page 83). Another element of this theory I use is immediate praise. The much frequent and instant the praise, the greater the motivational effect, (Petty, 1 998, page 59). countersign session also form a large part of teaching due to the friendly tauter of the group.I take these opportunities to give immediate feedback to learners when they have raised a nigh(a) or affiliateed point. The results are very apparent with the learners becoming much much vocal when they have had one of their points praised. I use this more with the quiet learners to produce better involvement within the group. Looking at how I incorporate cognitive approaches, my attention is drawn to the inquiry assignment my class produces. The whole point of the assignment is to lead their farm learning on a chosen topic. The basis of this assignment is to research a topic with the psyche of producing specialist area introduction relating to it. unit of measurementThe run intoing of the policies and procedures is that by working with hillier and boylike quite a little , is that the welfare of the child is paramount , and it is the regenerateeousness of all adults to safeguard and to promote the welfare of children and young slew . Adults that work with children are responsible for their consume actions , and behavior . Adults should work and be seen to work in an open and b vener adapted way .They should have the same nonrecreational standards regarding culture, dis qualification , race, gender, language , religious belief and or internal identity. Understand how to respond to examine or concerns that a child or young person has been maltreat or harmed. The possible signs and symptoms , indicators and behaviors that may concern are as follows 1 Physical Abuse , they may have unexplained mark on their body, they may hide them so no one stick out(p) see.They may deposit excuses for the individual that is there absubstance ab exploiter , There could be possible signs of sexual abuse, bullock block by having bruising in certain areas , like around the wrists in the groin area. 2 psychic and Emotional abuse , these is where the young hill/ person may look withdrawn, may not like to deal with wad and may not feel comfort equal around certain pile which could channelise that one of these pile could be their ab exploiter. Isolation is another form of abuse where the individual is isolated from others, and is net to feel that they are macrocosm punished.UnitThe 5 foundations of networking are required for allo shape upg one doodad to clear with another, because with pop any one of those five pieces of foundation, the communicating wouldnt work. Without the media, you wouldnt be able to connect to anything, since media is your signal. Without an interface you wouldnt be able to access any Information on your com set uper. If you TLD have a signal, you wouldnt be able to transmit any Information or data.Without a pattern, the formation of the signals to be Interpreted would be Jumbled, and misunderstood. Without timing, your information wouldnt be synchronized, and it could deduct a new pattern at any time. work on 2. 1. 2 Computers are able to multicast, and they have the ability to comply with different cathode-ray oscilloscopes. apply 2. 1. 3 I couldnt ace this exercise or 2. 1. 4 because I do not make a figurer with Windows XP on it. Exercise 2. 1 revaluation 1 _ The difference in the midst of a off-base device and a hardware device Is, with peripheral devices they are dependent upon a host.Peripheral devices are things like pressmans, s pileners, and game controllers. 2. I would want to limit the guinea pig of incoming connections that are allowed on a calculating machine because youre victimisation a lot of broadband to be able to handle bringing in that much information. The computer, or device would respond poky and slower the more your use It. 3. Peer-to-peer network s are estimable because you send word overtake with everyone thats on that network without having to get on another network. Its purpose Is to assist companies and corporations to communicate substantially and effectively.LAB 2. 2 Exercise 2. 2. 1 In my pollen, buying a single $500 correspondent would be more apostrophize effective than buying everyone their take personal printing machine. You would spend three measure as much n paper and ink on every personal printer than you would on one single printer each month. Since office printers graduation exercise sale runs close $600, if its not in your budget to have more than one printer, it would be easier and more convenient for the company to get a cheap individual $20 printers. Exercise 2. 2. 2.If each printer prints 180 pages an hour and each user prints 22 pages an hour, if you just now have printer, youre automatically overloading the printer every hour. Having four printers would counteract printer overloads or Jams . Exercise 2. 2. 3 My computer network drive Drive R booklet Documents AshleyIzard Schoolwork Networking connection failed. Exercise 2. 2. 4 Drawbacks of using a networked drive for storing master(prenominal) documents is the possibility of losing all of your classic documents.The drive could become malicious and would have to be wiped. Exercise 2. 2. 5 Made new crosscut to net profit on my desktop.. Exercise 2. 2. 6 You should verify that the network mental imagery is connected correctly at least daily. If the resource is moved or taken offline your shortcut depart not work. I morose off the internet on my computer and then tried to use the shortcut and this is the screen I received. When network is turned back on it works normally. Lab 2. 2 Review 1 .It is unfeasible to create a shortcut to every website you use frequently because you privy add them as favorites to your internet browser. It wouldnt be probable to add every shortcut to a website that you use because it could slow your memory on your computer. 2. I do not bet it would be a near idea to create ninefold mounted drives for different folders because you will be dividing your broadband by however many devices you have connected. 3. sacramental manduction resources is a great advantage in a network because it provides the ability to send information easily and quickly.UnitThe studying of the policies and procedures is that by working with hillier and young citizenry , is that the welfare of the child is paramount , and it is the responsibility of all adults to safeguard and to promote the welfare of children and young people . Adults that work with children are responsible for their own actions , and behavior . Adults should work and be seen to work in an open and transparent way .They should have the same professional standards regarding culture, disability , race, gender, language , religious belief and or sexual identity. Understand how to respond to evidence or concerns that a child or young person has been abused or harmed. The possible signs and symptoms , indicators and behaviors that may concern are as follows 1 Physical Abuse , they may have unexplained marks on their body, they may hide them so no one nooky see.They may make excuses for the individual that is there abuser , There could be possible signs of sexual abuse, egg by having bruising in certain areas , like around the wrists in the groin area. 2 Mental and Emotional abuse , these is where the young hill/ person may look withdrawn, may not like to deal with people and may not feel comfortable around certain people which could indicate that one of these people could be their abuser. Isolation is another form of abuse where the individual is isolated from others, and is made to feel that they are organism punished.UnitIn this task I will be writing a case study about two different individuals who have different needfully to one another, in order to complete an application for my second yea r to train as a social histrion. Michael is a 79 year old man who lives in a residential oversee home because he cannot look afterward himself as he has aberration and forgets to do things like feed himself, wash himself. He cannot go out to the shop or even go for a mountain pass about because he cannot stable himself to passing play properly and finds it hard to walk around without be in pain because of his arthritis.When he was junior he used to work in the surface works making all sorts of metal which was used for buildings, doors anything that had metal in them Michael has made in the metal works. Michael even used run to cargo deck him health and fit he would even do cross field running. Michael is an atheist who doesnt believe in anything and he tranquillise gets on with his life even though his friends believe in different worships such as Christian, Muslim. Michaels family live almost 2 hours apart which heart they cannot go and see him as much as they would like to see him and because of that he eels really lonely and that he has no one to twaddle to.Michael has one younger brother who lives abroad so he doesnt have a obtain to see him unless he comes back to the I-J for like 4 weeks every year and if he comes to see Michael. Nancy is a 83 year old woman who lives in a residential fretfulness home because she arthritis, she has also broken her wrist which enables her to be able to wash herself properly, she also has bipolar disorder. Bipolar is also known as manic belief this condition can affect your mood which can swing from one extreme to the other.Nancy goes through a tag of depression every day after losing her husband 2 years ago and she bring forwards that she is woeful and that she cannot do anything justly. Nancy is a Christian who follows the religion very carefully and listens to what is right and knows what is wrong and she is strict by following the rules. Nannys family come to see her every two days because they li ve 30 minutes away which inwardness they can come see her more often and she likes that they come and see her because they are the only family she has got and she can talk to them and have fun with them.Nancy is the youngest r her and her sister but her sister never comes to see her because she has her own problems such as bad arthritis pains in her legs and her knees which enables her to walk. When she was younger Nancy used to love running, liquid she used to take part in sports for her school teams she used to travel up and find outmate the country in order to take part in competing for her school team to win medals and for the school to win some medals.Empowerment of individual- Giving individuals enough information to enable them to make informed decisivenesss and make resources about their life. It lies at the heart of the care value base, devised by the Care Sector Consortium in 1992. The care worker could empower Michael by getting him a mobility scooter so he can get o ut of the house rather than beingness indoors all day on how own. A mobility scooter is an electronic scooter that lets people who cannot walk properly still get out and about of the house.Also where Michael has dementia he tends to forget things very easily so the care worker could put up him notes in important places such as the kitchen, bathroom, and toilet proportion back him how to use the things that are in there and how to cook his food. This would serving him physically because he is still getting out and about and leading a normal life also he would be eating sort of of forgetting to eat. in publishectually it would stand by him because he is still signifying and using his brain to read the notes that have been left for him.It would jock Michael emotionally because after years of being stuck in doors on his own he will be able to go out into the fresh straining and go to the shops and parks on his own without worrying about not being able to walk properly, also it would serve up his socially because once he starts getting out the house he can interact with new people and tart making friends whilst he is out preferably of having no friends and being alone.The care worker could empower Nancy by getting her a locomote who with her all day and turn overs at night, the line of achievement would serve well Nancy to open Jars, f ridges, doors and anything that Nancy would not be able to open because of her arthritis, and because of her broken wrist she is ineffective to do a lot of things for herself, especially washing herself when she is taking a bath or a shower. Also she could take some lessons on working on her bipolar in order to mark off it from getting any worse and calming it down which is causing her to become even more dismay than she normally is and is making her keep herself to herself and not talk to anyone else.physically this will attend Nancy to get back to the way she was where she would talk to anyone and everyone in th e nursing home. It would make her a better person for herself and others. Intellectually it will do her to understand that her bipolar is causing her to shut herself away from everyone and that she has no one to talk to when she take people to talk to, to cheer her up. This will help her emotionally because she knows hat she would be getting help in order for her to get better and that she would have more people to talk to when she ask them.It would also help her socially because she can talk to people about her depression and losing her husband and she would make more friends whilst she is at the residential care home. Promotion of choice- Every person should be encouraged to exercise their choice or control of their lives for example by choosing which activities they want to take part in when they are in a residential care setting. An advocate can help them to understand that the choice is remoter by representing the individual and explaining what is important to them.Michael c ould have the promotion of choice by being asked does he want to be able to get out of the house instead of being there all day on his own with no one to talk to or to make any friends. This could help him physically because he is being condition a choice to go outside on the scooter or be inside all day. Intellectually it makes him think does he want to get out of the house into fresh air or being indoors all day doing the same things he usually does. Emotionally this helps him to feel as if he can o things on his own without any help from people and makes him think that he does have a choice.Socially this will help him because if he does go out he can make new friends and meet new people rather than him being on his own. Nancy could have the promotion of choice by being asked does she want to go to classes which could help her with her bipolar disorder which could help her to stop being depressed. physically this can help her become a better person and a happier person all round. Intellectually it could help her to become a stronger person fighting her own battles thou other people doing it for her and to become a better person like she was before everything happened.Emotionally it could help her see that she is bringing herself down and is causing her more pain and hurt. This would help her socially because she would be able to talk to people more about how she is feeling and what she is going through and she would be able to make more friends and be able to spend time with them more. Promotion of rights- Every individual in a health and social care setting environment has the rights to confidentiality, choice and to have their individuality acknowledged and respected. All individuals have a right to voice their opinions and receive effective communication.They must have access to the policies and procedures of the organization that is providing their care. Michael has the provision of rights by clear-sighted that he has the right to choose if he wants to have the scooter and he has the rights to his own confidentiality by means of which no one else should know what his problems are. Physically this would make him feel better of himself because no one else would know what kind of problems are going on with him and only he and the career would understand what kind of involve he has.Intellectually this would make him think that he can trust the career and can tell them what it is he needs and cryptograph would be said to anyone else. Emotionally this would make Michael understand that the career is there for his needs and his needs only and would help him anyway that they can. Socially this would make Michael be able to talk to people more and perchance he could tell them what is the matter with him and they would understand. Nancy has the provision of rights by choosing if she wants to have a career with her every day to help her to open things such as Jars and if she ants to have classes to help with her bipolar.Physically this co uld help Nancy because she knows that she has a right to choose what she wants to do with her life a future. Intellectually this would help Nancy to think that she can have a career with her to help her do things more easily than doing it herself. Emotionally this will help Nancy to understand that there is help there if she needs it and if she was to ask they would help her and not turn away and leave her to do it herself. Socially this will help her to talk to people easier and understand that she can talk about her robbers with people.Recognition of preferences- When providing social care support for vulnerable people, it is important to find out and recognize their preferences. This helps to go steady that they are able to live independently and allow them to gruntle in control of their daily lives. For example individuals should be able to state their preferences as to the type of support they wish to receive. Michael has a right to recognition of preferences by discriminati ng that he could live by himself if he wanted to but he would still need help to do the daily things that people have to do.Physically this would help him to learn to live on his own without lots of people being around all the time wanting to know his business. Intellectually this would help Michael to understand that he could try and do things on his own rather than wanting to rely on other people to do it for him and be more independent. Emotionally this would help Michael to understand that he could live on his own and try to do things on his own with the exception of a career being there for him. Socially this would enable Michael to talk to people more than Just being on his own and leaning with his problems and knowing that he can talk to people about it.Nancy has the recognition of rights by knowing that she could live on her own, if she wanted to but she would still need help to do the daily things that people have to do. Physically this would help Nancy to understand that s he could live on her own but have a career there Just in case she needs them to help her wash and to help her get up from a chair because of her arthritis. Intellectually this could help her understand that they are handsome her a chance to do things independently and not having people here 2417 doing it for her.Emotionally this could help Nancy to realism that she could do things for herself she dont always need someone there to make sure that she can do it. Socially this would help her to get out more and to interact with other people around and not be left on her own. appointment of individuals in supply their support- Care should be person-centered which means that care is focused on the individual to ensure that independence and autonomy are promoted. A social care worker should not make any decision or start delivering a service without discussion ND consultation with the individual involved.Michael has the right to be involved of planning in his support by utter the caree r when he needs help and if he wants help rather than Just getting help when he dont want it. Physically this would help Michael to understand that he can tell the career when he wants or needs help rather than Just getting it and making him depressed. Intellectually this could help him to know that he can talk to the career rather than being scared and not talking to the career about it. Emotionally this can help Michael to know that the career is there of hey are needed and he Just has to ask for help.Socially this will help him to talk to the career more instead of being scared to ask in case the career doesnt listen to him. Nancy has the right to be involved of planning in her support by express the career when she needs help and if she wants help rather than Just getting help when she dont want it. Physically this can help Nancy to know that the career is always there if they are needed and will help when asked. Intellectually this will help her to think that the career will a lways help when they are asked instead of doing it when they are not asked.Emotionally this will help Nancy to understand that she can do things for herself but the career is there Just to help her when needed. Socially this helps Nancy to understand that she can talk to people about what is going on and that she can ask for help when needed. Respect for diversity- Britain is a multicultural society and this has an impact on health and social care delivery. The value of diversity should be obvious but unfortunately many people lack knowledge and understanding of different cultures, races or religions, and may therefore become fearful of something or someone who is different.Michael has the right of respect for diversity knowing that he is atheist and the careers could be another religion he wouldnt asking for things that they perhaps may not like or capacity not want to do. Physically this could help Michael to understand that if he wanted something cooked that they may not like to cook because they do not like it in their religion they may not want to cook it. Intellectually this would make him think that maybe he could try and do it for himself while the career watches him. Emotionally this will help him to understand other religions more and what their beliefs are.Socially this could make him understand that talking to them about their different religion is good and so that he can understand what they believe in. Nancy has the right of respect for diversity knowing that she is Christian and the careers could be another religion she wouldnt asking for things that they perhaps may not like or readiness not want to do. Physically this will help Nancy to understand that everyones religion and beliefs are different they are not all the same. Intellectually this would make Nancy understand that not everyone has the same religion and they all believe in different things.Emotionally this will make her think that she could try and do things for herself. Socially t his could make her think that she might want to try and do things for herself. Holistic approach- All care work is about up(p) an individuals gauge of life by taking a holistic approach to providing care. Holistic care means looking at all of a persons needs and providing opportunities for these needs to be met. The career has the right to try and improve the individuals quality of life by taking the persons needs and trying to make the best out of them.Michael has the rights to a career because of his dementia. Physically this makes him understand that he is important and that his needs are trying to be met and looked after well. Intellectually this will make him think that his needs are important and that the career will always help him. Emotionally this will help Michael to understand that he can try and do things for himself whilst the career is there watching him to make sure that he is safe. Socially this will help Michael to understand that he can talk to the career about h is needs and what he thinks can be done about them.Nannys needs are that she has arthritis, broken wrist and she has bipolar disorder and the career should help her to do daily things so she can live a quality life. Physically this will make Nancy understand that she can still do everything that she could do when she had no problems but she Just has to have a career there to help her. Intellectually this could get Nancy to understand that she could try and do it for herself. Emotionally this will get Nancy to understand that she should try and walk around more to help her try and gain her strength again.Socially this can help her to know that she could talk to people about her problems and try talking to people about her bipolar disorder. Multi- agency involvement- Multi- disciplinary working is about teams of workers from all different specialist professions and services working unitedly in order to balk problems from occurring in the support planning process. Working well with o ther agencies allows for all the different options to be considered and resources can be offered to be included in a support plan.It is exceedingly important for the service provider to be fully aware of the power they have in their professional capacity and not misuse the power. This means being aware of the conflicts that can emerge in relation to the individuals rights and needs Michael has the right to multi-agency involvement because of his dementia and arthritis which means that he could need a doctor and maybe the physiotherapist in order for him to be able to walk properly again and to help him to try and remember things. Physically this would help Michael to remember things instead or forgetting them instantly.Intellectually this will help him to start storage people he used to know and how to things at home like shower, cook. Emotionally this can help him to become a better person and start getting him to do things for himself. Socially this will help Michael talk to peo ple more without forgetting things. Nancy has arthritis and bipolar which means she would need a doctor and maybe social worker so she can talk to people about her problems. Physically this will help Nancy to understand that maybe she should talk about her problems rather than keep them to herself.Intellectually this can help her to start getting rid of all the guilt that she is safekeeping inside her rather than letting it out. Emotionally this will help her to understand that maybe people are right she should start talking to people more instead of keeping herself to herself. Socially this will help Nancy to understand that no one will make fun of her if she tells them she has bipolar. Anti-Discriminatory practice- dissimilarity is caused by prejudice which in turn leads to negative behavior.Discriminatory actions or behavior can lead to some people not having their needs met. Negative behavior can damage a person physically and psychologically and can also cause stress. Michael thinks that people will make fun of his because he has dementia and that he keeps forgetting things easily than any other person may not. Physically this makes him depressed because e thinks that he is worthless, he can talk to doctor to help him understand why they might do that. Intellectually it makes him think that no one cares about him and they dont want to know him.Emotionally this will make him think that he is worthless and that he cant trust anyone. Socially this makes him not want to talk to people about his problems and keep them to himself. Nancy doesnt want to tell anyone about her problems because she thinks they might not take her seriously and find it all a Joke if she tells them she has bipolar. Physically this makes her down in herself and would ant to keep herself away from other people. Intellectually this will makes Nancy think why would she want to share her problems with people she thinks would understand but dont.Emotionally it would make her think that she is nothing and that no one really cares about her. Socially this would make her not want to talk to people because they might make fun of her. Maintaining confidentiality- Every individual has a right to confidentiality and privacy and control over their personal details. Maintaining confidentiality has become a specific issue in principles and values. It is vital to successful care giving to keep information provided by all individuals confidential.Michael trusts the career to keep his problems confidential and not tell anyone else without telling him premier(prenominal) and making sure that they could tell the other person. Physically this would make him think that he can trust them and believe them if they say they wont tell anyone. Intellectually this will make him think if he can tell them or not without them telling anyone about his problems. Emotionally this will make Michael feel dependable towards his career and would be able to tell them things he wouldnt tell other peop le.Socially this would help Michael to talk more to people about all thee problems he has and has confidence. Nancy trusts the career to keep her problems confidential and not to tell anyone else without telling her first and making sure that they could tell the other person. Physically this would make her feel as if she could trust their career and could tell them all about her problems. Intellectually this will make Nancy understand that maybe she could tell there career things and they wouldnt tell anyone else about them.Emotionally this will cake her feel as if she can put all her trust in the career and tell them things they wouldnt normally tell other people. Socially this could show her that she could talk to other people about her problems without being laughed at. Ml- Review the benefit to individuals and professional staff, of taking a holistic approach to planning support Holistic Approach- A holistic view means that we are interested in engaging and developing the whole person. You can think of this as different levels, such as physical, emotional, mental and spiritual.Its the concept that the human being is lit-dimensional. We have conscious and unconscious aspects, rational and nonrational aspects. It is important for care professionals to help support the whole individual because it then helps the person in care to be looked after properly and have their needs met when it is needed. The purpose of this essay is to get people to understand what holistic approach and why it is important for health care professionals to follow and support the individual with the needs that they need. Five advantages of working in a holistic way for Michael and Nancy are, Empowers themMichael will feel like he can make his own formed decision and choose whether or not he wants to do something that he might not want to do in the first place. Secondly it can make him more confident in himself to do things on his own and carry out tasks that he fancy he might not be able to do in the first place instead of the career doing it all for him. Also he will feel more socially competent, he wants to go outside more by himself and try to meet new people every time he goes out. He has made a few friends who he goes and see and they come to his and they talk to each there or go for walks.Nancy will feel as if she can make her own formed decision because the career gives her a choice whether she wants to do something or not and the career doesnt force her into doing it if she doesnt want to. Nancy will have more confidence in herself to do the tasks on her own without the career doing it all for her which could make her feel as if she cant do things. She will also feel more socially competent she can talk to people a lot more than she used to before her career was with her, she is also able to go outside on her own meeting new people and making new friends.She can maintain a strong friendship with people because she likes meeting new people. Respects them and treats them as individuals Michael might feel respected and feel important by the career because he or she helps them to do the things that they cannot do.. Whereas the doctors think that he cannot do things on his own and that he has to have a career with him 2417 to help him get up and around the house or go outside and is concerned about his wellbeing. Michael will be treated as an individual and will have the right to influence the right kind of intercession that he needs and not be given the wrong type of treatment.UnitDO- explain how establishing a safe and repair environment can support the procedures necessary for contingency, illnesses and emergencies. The layout of the environment in a setting should be suitable for the safety of the children. This means that toys, playing stiff, tables and chairs should be age appropriate. If an accident occurred your role is to check the child is safe, calm and comfortable, fill out and accidents form reporting the accident whic h is signed by a member of staffed the manager and parents.The accident should be reported in a standard babys room accident book. If necessary POSTED could be contacted due to neglect of the setting. The setting should ensure that engagements are provided for the number of children to ensure every child is safe, practitioners should know first aid and should be trained in the resources for the safety of the children and should m,aka sure they know how everything works. Whilst outside a secure environment is essential to ensure no children can leave the premises and none of the public can get into the scenting.To prevent accident happening in the nursery wet floors should be dried right off to prevent children form running and slipping on it. fashioning sure all cleaning equipotent is out of reach of children and all rooms should be fitted with gate or doors to ensure a children stay in the room and dont wonder into dangerous zones such as the kitchen In a setting a clean environ ment is essential, there must be a cleaning Rota provided to ensure cleaning is uninterrupted and this Rota is checked regularly to ensure children can use a clean toilet area which is broad of bacteria to stop children becoming ill.Young babies and young childrens equipotent mustve sterilized to prevent them from catching colds and illnesses, this s from the children putting toys in their mouths and their immune system being so weak. draw washing facilities should be suitable for the childrens age and the children should know the importance of washing their hands and that it prevents them from getting ill.To prevent passing on colds, when wiping childrens noses, children shouldnt share tissues and between wiping each chills nose you should wash your hands to prevent illness. unbiased procedures like making sure children have their own cups and plates and baby bottles arent mixed up can prevent illness and infection between childrenUnitThese two levels are very different, and must be approached by those delivering the learning with awareness of the altered factors. Hence why all curriculums need to different to meet the requirements of learners. Pedagogy is when you are teaching learners that fit into the child to adult spectrum of development. This covers secondary school and some further education levels. When delivering the learning you need to be aware that they are not self motivated like mature learners, so you have to approach the teaching differently.They must be shown the benefits of what they are tidying to understand where it fits into the grand scheme of their education, where this subject is leading. If they are shown progression and a point to the learning, it will aid in their motivation. You need to constantly change the learning styles. This is true of all teaching, but more so with the pedagogy principle. Young learners need to be interested in the topic or the format of learning it. As they are at a stage in their education where it is compulsory, not every learner it the classroom wants to be there. This makes them harder to engage and keep engaged.Constant changing of learning styles will aid his. Androgyny is the second principle of learning. This deals with mature learners. This has the same issues as the pedagogy principle, just cased in a different format. Most androgyny learners are there because they want to increase their knowledge in a topic they find interesting, because they have chosen it. However, like secondary school, some learners are there because they have to be. Many occupations come with contractual obligations to pass a certain qualification. Not all those mature learners enjoy this aspect, so the teacher is faced with the same problem of motivation.Teaching mature learners also has barriers to learning. In the last ten years the face Of education has changed dramatically with the introduction on a large scale of IT usage. Some mature learners who have been out of the educational cycle for s ome time may find this intimidating. They may be used to certain methods of learning which are now defunct. These barriers have to be approached and overcome. As my subject specialist area requires a massive amount of work to be done have just adjust my teaching style and approach as not to isolate any learners. SE Masons theory heavily for this and scaffold learning by delivering Photos at the most basic level. As not disengage the more competent learners I ensure there are an array of strength and challenge extension tasks embedded with the lesson and throughout the curriculum. When considering your curriculum and how best to deliver it, I use a broad range of principles. These range from. Behaviorism The behaviorism approach can be summed up by the term what you see. This theory believes effective teaching occurs when the learner practices the task until they learn the process of doing it.It base is that by reinforcing a espouse to learning over and over again, the learner stores the information. Pavlov experimented with conditioned learning with his salivating dogs study. This has however been criticized due to the usage of animals as test subjects instead of humans. However, his experiment had some conclusive results in favor of what he suggested. Behaviorists state that the learner gets pleasure from completing a task and receiving praise for doing so. We should not underestimate the satisfaction and educational value which pupils get from satisfactorily completing an action, however simple, (Maryland 1993).This form of reinforcement can be very useful with learners that are not operating at a very high level within the cognitive domain. It is also effective within practical based work, which involves the usage Of certain tools or equipment. This method is used in competency based exams or work. I implement this into my teaching as I do like to praise good practice by having a badge system. This may sound immature but the learners really do enjoy it. The department has within a badge representing a different lecturer. The learners are task to collect as may badges as the can.We have found that the learners wear these badges n the lanyards as a mark of achievement and they have become very popular, with all learners trying to get the full set. The competition amongst the students is very vigorous and it means that the learners try their best in order to achieve by positive reinforcement. Cognitive This theory looks at learner in a different way. It is the learner, and not the learning task that is important, (Curran, 2000, page 91). Cosmogonists believe it is the internal changes that occur as a result of learning that is significant. How we gain and organizes the knowledge is key.They believe that we relate ewe information to existing information we already have. Our prior experiences influence the way we look upon a new subject and the way we process it. The cognitive theorist Burner believe discovery learning to be the most eff ective and authentic method of achieving a real understanding of the underlying principles off topic, (Remarriage et al, 2003, page 77). He feels the learner will have a clearer understanding if they are allowed to interpret the information gained in the way that suits their individual internal structure better. He also claims that discovery learning can be used to teach anyone.Criticism of this theory states that it requires all learners to have a cognitive maturity that allows them to self teach. Not all learners function upon such a high level of Blooms Taxonomy is what they state. When look at these principles of learning and how I use these to help structure my curriculum, can relate both to my teaching and practice. Due to the practical nature of what I teach, much of my teaching takes the form of learning by doing. This behaviorism theory works very effectively within the format use it. I have to teach my learners how to use the editing software as part of a unit deliver.The process I use is demonstration followed by practice. This is repeated until the learners have been conditioned to understand how to use the equipment. Whilst they are on task with this, I deliberately take a step back and allow them to learn through trial and error. Using this form of delayed feedback assists them in understanding the process better, (Race & Walker, 2003, page 83). Another element of this theory I use is immediate praise. The more frequent and instant the praise, the greater the motivational effect, (Petty, 1 998, page 59). Discussion session also form a large part of teaching due to the social tauter of the group.I take these opportunities to give immediate feedback to learners when they have raised a good or connected point. The results are very apparent with the learners becoming much more vocal when they have had one of their points praised. I use this more with the quiet learners to produce better involvement within the group. Looking at how I incorporate cogni tive approaches, my attention is drawn to the research assignment my class produces. The whole point of the assignment is to lead their own learning on a chosen topic. The basis of this assignment is to research a topic with the idea of producing specialist area presentation relating to it.UnitThe difference between proactive and Reactive is, Proactive is the strategies that are put in place to prevent contest behavior occurring and Reactive is the way that challenging behavior is managed once it has occurred. 2. 2 Proactive strategies that are in place are removal of potential triggers, use of person centered planning for each service user so that they obtain a consistent approach from staff made-to-order to their personal needs.Reactive strategies that are in place are hat each individual service user has a physical intervention plan that has been agreed to by a multi disciplinary team, also with a consistent approach and debriefs after incidents De escalation techniques are cons tantly documented and plans updated. 2. The importance of identify patterns of behavior or triggers is crucial in establishing both Proactive and Reactive strategies to enable staff to constantly update plans, so that potential challenging behavior can be minimized and managed better, educing risks to the service user, staff and others ,to improve quality of life and social inclusion. 2. 4 Person centered approaches enable the service user to have a constant approach tailored for there specific needs, with person centered tools, what is important to the service user can be identified and care plans put in place to reduce risk of challenging behavior. . 5 Positive behavior should be reinforced to boost service user morale and self esteem, o encourage better behavior and more positive outcomes service users should be praised when showing good behavior or achieving simple tasks, service users thrive in a positive friendly environment.UnitThe 5 foundations of networking are necessary fo r allowing one device to communicate with another, because without any one of those five pieces of foundation, the communication wouldnt work. Without the media, you wouldnt be able to connect to anything, since media is your signal. Without an interface you wouldnt be able to access any Information on your computer. If you TLD have a signal, you wouldnt be able to transmit any Information or data.Without a pattern, the formation of the signals to be Interpreted would be Jumbled, and misunderstood. Without timing, your information wouldnt be synchronized, and it could start a new pattern at any time. Exercise 2. 1. 2 Computers are able to multicast, and they have the ability to comply with different settings. Exercise 2. 1. 3 I couldnt complete this exercise or 2. 1. 4 because I do not own a computer with Windows XP on it. Exercise 2. 1 Review 1 _ The difference between a peripheral device and a hardware device Is, with peripheral devices they are dependent upon a host.Peripheral de vices are things like printers, scanners, and game controllers. 2. I would want to limit the type of incoming connections that are allowed on a computer because youre using a lot of broadband to be able to handle bringing in that much information. The computer, or device would respond slower and slower the more your use It. 3. Peer-to-peer networks are beneficial because you can communicate with everyone thats on that network without having to get on another network. Its purpose Is to assist companies and corporations to communicate easily and effectively.LAB 2. 2 Exercise 2. 2. 1 In my pollen, buying a single $500 printer would be more cost effective than buying everyone their own personal printer. You would spend three times as much n paper and ink on every personal printer than you would on one single printer each month. Since office printers beginning sale runs about $600, if its not in your budget to have more than one printer, it would be easier and more convenient for the com pany to get a cheap individual $20 printers. Exercise 2. 2. 2.If each printer prints 180 pages an hour and each user prints 22 pages an hour, if you only have printer, youre automatically overloading the printer every hour. Having four printers would prevent printer overloads or Jams. Exercise 2. 2. 3 My computer network drive Drive R Folder Documents AshleyIzard Schoolwork Networking connection failed. Exercise 2. 2. 4 Drawbacks of using a networked drive for storing important documents is the possibility of losing all of your important documents.The drive could become malicious and would have to be wiped. Exercise 2. 2. 5 Made new shortcut to internet on my desktop.. Exercise 2. 2. 6 You should verify that the network resource is connected correctly at least daily. If the resource is moved or taken offline your shortcut will not work. I turned off the internet on my computer and then tried to use the shortcut and this is the screen I received. When network is turned back on it w orks normally. Lab 2. 2 Review 1 .It is infeasible to create a shortcut to every website you use frequently because you can add them as favorites to your internet browser. It wouldnt be probable to add every shortcut to a website that you use because it could slow your memory on your computer. 2. I do not think it would be a good idea to create multiple mounted drives for different folders because you will be dividing your broadband by however many devices you have connected. 3. Sharing resources is a great advantage in a network because it provides the ability to send information easily and quickly.UnitThe 5 foundations of networking are necessary for allowing one device to communicate with another, because without any one of those five pieces of foundation, the communication wouldnt work. Without the media, you wouldnt be able to connect to anything, since media is your signal. Without an interface you wouldnt be able to access any Information on your computer. If you TLD have a s ignal, you wouldnt be able to transmit any Information or data.Without a pattern, the formation of the signals to be Interpreted would be Jumbled, and misunderstood. Without timing, your information wouldnt be synchronized, and it could start a new pattern at any time. Exercise 2. 1. 2 Computers are able to multicast, and they have the ability to comply with different settings. Exercise 2. 1. 3 I couldnt complete this exercise or 2. 1. 4 because I do not own a computer with Windows XP on it. Exercise 2. 1 Review 1 _ The difference between a peripheral device and a hardware device Is, with peripheral devices they are dependent upon a host.Peripheral devices are things like printers, scanners, and game controllers. 2. I would want to limit the type of incoming connections that are allowed on a computer because youre using a lot of broadband to be able to handle bringing in that much information. The computer, or device would respond slower and slower the more your use It. 3. Peer-to-p eer networks are beneficial because you can communicate with everyone thats on that network without having to get on another network. Its purpose Is to assist companies and corporations to communicate easily and effectively.LAB 2. 2 Exercise 2. 2. 1 In my pollen, buying a single $500 printer would be more cost effective than buying everyone their own personal printer. You would spend three times as much n paper and ink on every personal printer than you would on one single printer each month. Since office printers beginning sale runs about $600, if its not in your budget to have more than one printer, it would be easier and more convenient for the company to get a cheap individual $20 printers. Exercise 2. 2. 2.If each printer prints 180 pages an hour and each user prints 22 pages an hour, if you only have printer, youre automatically overloading the printer every hour. Having four printers would prevent printer overloads or Jams. Exercise 2. 2. 3 My computer network drive Drive R Folder Documents AshleyIzard Schoolwork Networking connection failed. Exercise 2. 2. 4 Drawbacks of using a networked drive for storing important documents is the possibility of losing all of your important documents.The drive could become malicious and would have to be wiped. Exercise 2. 2. 5 Made new shortcut to internet on my desktop.. Exercise 2. 2. 6 You should verify that the network resource is connected correctly at least daily. If the resource is moved or taken offline your shortcut will not work. I turned off the internet on my computer and then tried to use the shortcut and this is the screen I received. When network is turned back on it works normally. Lab 2. 2 Review 1 .It is infeasible to create a shortcut to every website you use frequently because you can add them as favorites to your internet browser. It wouldnt be probable to add every shortcut to a website that you use because it could slow your memory on your computer. 2. I do not think it would be a good idea t o create multiple mounted drives for different folders because you will be dividing your broadband by however many devices you have connected. 3. Sharing resources is a great advantage in a network because it provides the ability to send information easily and quickly.UnitDO- explain how establishing a safe and secure environment can support the procedures necessary for accident, illnesses and emergencies. The layout of the environment in a setting should be suitable for the safety of the children. This means that toys, playing equipotent, tables and chairs should be age appropriate. If an accident occurred your role is to check the child is safe, calm and comfortable, fill out and accidents form reporting the accident which is signed by a member of staffed the manager and parents.The accident should be reported in a standard nursery accident book. If necessary POSTED could be contacted due to neglect of the setting. The setting should ensure that engagements are provided for the nu mber of children to ensure every child is safe, practitioners should know first aid and should be trained in the resources for the safety of the children and should m,aka sure they know how everything works. Whilst outside a secure environment is essential to ensure no children can leave the premises and none of the public can get into the scenting.To prevent accident happening in the nursery wet floors should be dried immediately to prevent children form running and slipping on it. Making sure all cleaning equipotent is out of reach of children and all rooms should be fitted with gates or doors to ensure a children stay in the room and dont wonder into dangerous zones such as the kitchen In a setting a clean environment is essential, there must be a cleaning Rota provided to ensure cleaning is regular and this Rota is checked regularly to ensure children can use a clean toilet area which is free of bacteria to stop children becoming ill.Young babies and young childrens equipotent m ustve sterilized to prevent them from catching colds and illnesses, this s from the children putting toys in their mouths and their immune system being so weak. Hand washing facilities should be suitable for the childrens age and the children should know the importance of washing their hands and that it prevents them from getting ill.To prevent passing on colds, when wiping childrens noses, children shouldnt share tissues and between wiping each chills nose you should wash your hands to prevent illness. Simple procedures like making sure children have their own cups and plates and baby bottles arent mixed up can prevent illness and infection between children